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Are we Entering into the Fourth Generation of Artificial Intelligence? | Artificial Intelligence - Analytics Insight

Priya Dialani, Author at Analytics Insight writes, We need AI that can mirror the human instinct, Artificial intelligence is an innovation that is changing all social statuses. 

Artificial Intelligence
Photo: Analytics Insight

It is a wide-ranging tool that empowers individuals to reevaluate how we incorporate data, analyze information, and utilize the subsequent.

Artificial intelligence is an innovation that is changing all social statuses. It is a wide-ranging tool that empowers individuals to reevaluate how we incorporate data, analyze information, and utilize the subsequent insights to improve decision making. AI is getting into the realms of policymakers, opinion leaders, and interested observers, and exhibits how AI as of now is modifying the world and bringing up significant issues for society, the economy, and governance.

Artificial intelligence algorithms are intended to make decisions, frequently utilizing real-time information. They are different from passive machines that are competent just for mechanical or predetermined reactions. Utilizing sensors, digital information, or remote inputs, they consolidate data from a wide range of sources, examine the material in a split second, and follow up on the insights obtained from those data. With the enormous enhancement in storage systems, processing speeds, and analytic procedures, they are fit for huge advancement in analysis and decision making.

The first generation of AI was ‘descriptive analytics,’ which responds to the inquiry, “What occurred?” The second, ‘diagnostic analytics,’ addresses, “For what reason did it occur?” The third and current age is ‘predictive analytics,’ which addresses, “In view of what has just occurred, what could occur later on?”...

he fourth generation of AI is ‘artificial intuition,’ which empowers computers to recognize threats and opportunities without being determined what to search for, similarly as human instinct permits us to settle on choices without explicitly being told on the best way to do as such. It’s like a seasoned detective who can enter a crime scene and realize immediately that something doesn’t appear to be right, or an experienced investor who can detect a coming pattern before any other person. The idea of artificial intuition is one that, only five years prior, was viewed as unthinkable. In any case, presently organizations like Google, Amazon and IBM are attempting to create solutions, and a couple of organizations have just figured out how to operationalize it.

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Source: Analytics Insight

Today’s data science roles won’t exist in 10 years | Data Science - InfoWorld

Eric Miller, senior director of technical strategy at Rackspace argues, AutoML is poised to turn developers into data scientists — and vice versa. Here’s how AutoML will radically change data science for the better.

Today’s data science roles won’t exist in 10 years
Photo: Getty Images

In the coming decade, the data scientist role as we know it will look very different than it does today. But don’t worry, no one is predicting lost jobs, just changed jobs.

Data scientists will be fine — according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the role is still projected to grow at a higher than average clip through 2029. But advancements in technology will be the impetus for a huge shift in a data scientist’s responsibilities and in the way businesses approach analytics as a whole. And AutoML tools, which help automate the machine learning pipeline from raw data to a usable model, will lead this revolution.

In 10 years, data scientists will have entirely different sets of skills and tools, but their function will remain the same: to serve as confident and competent technology guides that can make sense of complex data to solve business problems...

In order to explore the possibilities these types of tools unlock for both developers and data scientists, we first have to understand the current state of data science as it relates to machine learning development. It’s easiest to understand when placed on a maturity scale.

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Source: InfoWorld

Bringing Quantum to Machine Learning | Q&A - Physics

All interviews are edited for brevity and clarity.

Maria Schuld reflects on the open questions about quantum machine-learning algorithms by Katherine Wright, Senior Editor for Physics

Maria Schuld reflects on the open questions about quantum machine-learning algorithms.
Photo: Z. Giampietri
Becoming a physicist was not Maria Schuld’s life goal. As an undergrad, she started out studying political science, taking physics in parallel. Her plan was to work for a nonprofit organization in a capacity that had a very clear benefit to society. For her, a career as a physicist didn’t offer that possibility. But then, she says, “life happened”—jobs fell through and other opportunities opened up—and she found herself with a career in quantum machine learning.

Today Schuld, who works for the Canadian quantum computing company Xanadu from her home in South Africa, says that she has matured in what she thinks it means for a person to benefit society. She says that all people can take actions to benefit others, regardless of their field. For example, any startup company can build a supportive culture with happy employees or a ruthless one that makes everyone miserable. In an interview with Physics, Schuld spoke about why she loves quantum machine learning, what she sees as the important unsolved problems in the field, and how she approaches career decisions.

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Source: Physics

Artificial intelligence and the classroom of the future | Science and Technology - Brandeis University

Imagine a classroom in the future where teachers are working alongside artificial intelligence partners to ensure no student gets left behind, as Tessa Venell '08, Senior Proposal Development Specialist at Brandeis University reports.

Photo: Getty ImagesThe AI partner’s careful monitoring picks up on a student in the back who has been quiet and still for the whole class and the AI partner prompts the teacher to engage the student. When called on, the student asks a question. The teacher clarifies the material that has been presented and every student comes away with a better understanding of the lesson.
 
This is part of a larger vision of future classrooms where human instruction and AI technology interact to improve educational environments and the learning experience...

Pustejovsky took some time to answer questions from BrandeisNOW about his research.

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Source: Brandeis University

The 12 Coolest Machine-Learning Startups Of 2020 | Machine Learning - CRN

The 12 coolest machine-learning startups include companies that are developing leading-edge technology for building machine-learning models and collecting and managing the vast amounts of data needed to train those models by Rick Whiting, senior editor with The Channel Company, including CRN and CRN.com.

Here are 12 of the coolest machine learning startups of 2020.
Photo: CRN
 Learning Curve

Artificial intelligence has been a hot technology area in recent years and machine learning, a subset of AI, is one of the most important segments of the whole AI arena.

Machine learning is the development of intelligent algorithms and statistical models that improve software through experience without the need to explicitly code those improvements. A predictive analysis application, for example, can become more accurate over time through the use of machine learning.

But machine learning has its challenges...

Here’s a look at a dozen startup companies, some that have been around for a few years and some just getting off the ground, that are addressing the challenges associated with machine learning.

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Source: CRN

Best of arXiv.org for AI, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning – October 2020 | AI, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning - insideBIGDATA

In this recurring monthly feature, we filter recent research papers appearing on the arXiv.org preprint server for compelling subjects relating to AI, machine learning and deep learning – from disciplines including statistics, mathematics and computer science – and provide you with a useful “best of” list for the past month by Daniel Gutierrez, Author at insideBIGDATA.

Researchers from all over the world contribute to this repository as a prelude to the peer review process for publication in traditional journals. arXiv contains a veritable treasure trove of statistical learning methods you may use one day in the solution of data science problems. The articles listed below represent a small fraction of all articles appearing on the preprint server. They are listed in no particular order with a link to each paper along with a brief overview. Links to GitHub repos are provided when available. Especially relevant articles are marked with a “thumbs up” icon. Consider that these are academic research papers, typically geared toward graduate students, post docs, and seasoned professionals. They generally contain a high degree of mathematics so be prepared. 

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Enjoy your reading and have a cup of tasty☕️coffee!   
 Source: insideBIGDATA 

Time to send in the robots | Technology - SHD Logistics

How can automation enable organisations to meet changing expectations and cope with future unexpected peaks and troughs in demand? Steve Richmond, Director of Logistics Systems, Jungheinrich, explains. 

Time to send in the robots
Photo: SHD Logistics

New use cases for robotics are being identified almost daily. The rapid growth of ecommerce, fuelled in part by necessity from Covid-19 lockdowns, has meant that for many organisations, the requirements for staff and goods is growing at a rate too fast to meet demand – the need for automation is now greater than ever. 

With technology advancing rapidly, almost anything can now be automated. And with intelligent navigation and precise picking technology, even items of an odd size, shape or material can be handled by robots. As this technology becomes increasingly more sophisticated, enabling robots to perform roles with accuracy, consistency and safety front of mind, this has also advanced the ability for robots to communicate with other robots around the facility..

Changing role of the worker

As automation becomes more commonplace, we will see a shift in worker demand and where workers are deployed. Within the most successful automation environments, humans still have an important role to play. But by augmenting the human worker with robots that can take on the repetitive or mundane tasks, the human is freed up to take on the more intricate or complex tasks. Technical individuals will be required to maintain the automated systems so skilled workers will be essential to manage the robotic principle of an estate. Blending skilled resources with automation – including robotics and IoT – will create a smart connected warehouse that will help organisations to increase productivity and manage rising supply chain complexity. 

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Source: SHD Logistics

My best friend, the robot | Robots - ITProPortal

Treating robots more like humans will help their adoption, insist Chris Duddridge, Area Vice President and Managing Director of UKI, UiPath.

Photo: Alex KNight / UnsplashIt’s no secret that people are generally afraid of automation in the workplace. In the first industrial revolution, the luddites broke textile machinery they worried would leave them redundant. Even today, there remains a fear that it’s going to take jobs and leave humans bereft. Unions are making warnings  and workers who interact with robots have been seen to sabotage them.

It’s also true that the introduction of new technologies, such as Robotic Process Automation (RPA), will remove the need for humans to undertake repetitive and dull tasks. In this process, software operates a computer, mouse and keyboard like a human – but virtually. It’s like having a digital junior colleague who can do rules-based tasks, ranging from simple to more complex, that you’ve taught it to do.

But this should be welcomed, as it frees people to focus on fewer drudgeries and more interesting and satisfying work...

He once told me a story about his first ever robot colleague. He created her in 2000 and she was called Solly. She was involved with a legal database and sent out text and email notifications to let people know where they were with the case. Solly became part of the team. She used to send out emails and sign off with her name. The team would get calls into the office asking for Solly and he had to explain that Solly was a robot. Now he runs naming competitions for his software robots.

Another client named one of his software robots Archie, after an employee’s son, and another Marley, after a colleague’s dog. All his firm’s automations are named by the person who comes up with the idea. He says it’s, “A kind of sweetener for staff, I think it just helps with welcoming the robot into the team.”

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Source: ITProPortal

Some Math Problems Seem Impossible. That Can Be a Good Thing | Quantized Academy - Quanta Magazine

Patrick Honner, award-winning mathematics teacher explains, Struggling with math problems that can’t be solved helps us better understand the ones we can.

Struggling with math problems that can’t be solved helps us better understand the ones we can.
Photo: BIG MOUTH for Quanta MagazineConstruct a convex octagon with four right angles.

It probably says a lot about me as a teacher that I assign problems like this. I watch as students try to arrange the right angles consecutively. When that doesn’t work, some try alternating the right angles. Failing again, they insert them randomly into the polygon. They scribble, erase and argue. The sound of productive struggle is music to a teacher’s ears.

Then they get suspicious and start asking questions. “You said four right angles. Did you really mean three?” “Are you sure you meant to say convex?” “Four right angles would basically make a rectangle. How can we get four more sides in our octagon?” I listen attentively, nodding along, acknowledging their insights.

Finally someone asks the question they’ve been tiptoeing around, the question I’ve been waiting for: “Wait, is this even possible?”

This question has the power to shift mindsets in math...

If we push further, the impossible can even inspire the creation of new mathematical worlds. To prove the impossibility of squaring the circle — a problem that’s at least 2,000 years old — we needed the modern theory of transcendental numbers that cannot be roots of integer polynomials. To solve the bridges of Königsberg problem, Euler turned islands and bridges into vertices and edges, bringing to life the rich fields of graph theory and network theory, with their many applications. Taking the square root of −1 led to an entirely new system of arithmetic. And the logician Kurt Gödel changed the landscape of math forever when he proved that it’s impossible to prove that everything that is true is true.

So the next time you’re stuck on a math problem, ask yourself: “Is this possible?” Struggling with impossibility could give you a better understanding of what actually is possible. You might even create some new math along the way.

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Source: Quanta Magazine

The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic | Mathematics - Medium

Over 2,300 years ago, Euclid proved the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic. Now it is our turn by Maths and Musings published in Cantor’s Paradise

Some surviving fragments from Euclid’s Elements

Statement of the Theorem

Take our first prime, ‘p_1’. Clearly p_1 divides N. Now, as p_1 divides N, p_1 divides the second prime factorisation. By (repeated application of) Euclid’s Lemma, this means that p_1 divides one of the prime factors of N. But as these numbers are prime, p_1 must equal one of the prime factors. This is a contradiction, as we had already cancelled out all the shared prime factors.

Thus, the factorisation into primes must be unique.

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Source: Medium

So you think you know Shakespeare? [Quiz] | Arts & Humanities - OUPblog

In order to celebrate the release of Shakespeare: A Playgoer and Reader’s Guide, we created a quiz to see how well you know Shakespeare’s plays! according to Michael Dobson, Professor of Shakespeare Studies and Sir Stanley Wells, CBE, FRSL, Honorary President, Life Trustee, and former Chairman of the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust.

Photo: William Shakespeare

Put your knowledge to the test and see how many of these famous quotes you can correctly complete. Are you a beginner bard enthusiast, or are you secretly Shakespeare himself? Why not find out?

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Recommended Reading 

Shakespeare:
A Playgoer's & Reader's Guide

Source: OUPblog

These are the 6 skills you need to get one of the highest-paying jobs in 2021 | Job Search - Ladders

Ryan Shea, freelance writer observes, The lucrative dream is still alive regardless of what this pandemic has done to our world over the past year. 

Many industries are looking for viable candidates who of course have the passion, education and experience to get hired and greatly expand on their bank accounts.
Photo: Ladders
Many industries are looking for viable candidates who of course have the passion, education and experience to get hired and greatly expand on their bank accounts. 

Software engineers, sales managers and backend developers are some of the kinds of jobs that can get you this or close to this kind of pay should they decide to hire you. But there are skills you should have in order to get to that all-important step.

Take a look at six crucial ones worth looking into should you be navigating the world of high-paid employment.

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Source: Ladders

Low-code and no-code development is changing how software is built - and who builds it | Start-Ups - ZDNet

Low-code and no-code platforms are multiplying, and the first to reap the technologies' benefits will be entrepreneurs with a good idea, says Daphne Leprince-Ringuet, reporter at ZDNet.

Photo: Screenshot from ZDNET's Video

Spring has always been a busy time for plant nurseries. This year, "busy" has been an understatement: amid a months-long lockdown, there has been unprecedented enthusiasm for more greenery. For US-based nursery Classic GroundCovers, the sudden deluge of orders that the COVID-19 crisis brought about certainly kept the business busy – but also came with unforeseen consequences.  

The sheer volume of requests overwhelmed the company's small-scale, manual order processing system. But in only one month, despite limited technical knowledge and the little time available to brainstorm ideas, Classic GroundCovers' team found itself using a brand-new app that automates the entire process, integrating orders from the company's e-commerce website with in-house business applications. 

Classic GroundCovers used a low-code app development platform, Evoke, which is designed by technology company BlueFinity to help businesses easily deploy apps across various devices, with no need to code. 

Classic GroundCovers office manager Amy Milton explains that when the volume of orders was particularly high, up to 12 hours were spent every day manually processing order...

Low-code and no-code platforms, of course, have their limits. Developers tend to see the tools as an extension of methods they already practice, such as relying on pre-built frameworks or Javascript libraries, rather than a downright replacement of their work. For Richard Wang, the CEO of coding boot camp Coding Dojo, low-code and no-code are useful to help small businesses with some digital operations, but they are not a catch-all solution.

Sophisticated applications will always require a professional programmer's skills. For that reason, Wang is confident that medium and larger enterprises will continue to opt for custom-built applications that come with more flexibility and customization options.

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Source: ZDNet

4 New Ways to Advance Your Developer Skills and Keep Your Edge | Career success tips - Learning Blog

Ray Villalobos, I love helping people learn full-stack development with a clear, practical style summarizes, Software developers, I'm with you. Few professionals can harness the power of listening to one song 100 times just to focus. 

Photo: cottonbro from Pexels

You splurged on that keyboard that would make gamers green with envy. You're the secret elite toiling away to make the world a better place...no thanks necessary. And look, we know things are always changing—there's always a new language, a new library or framework to master. So, how do you keep that kung foo going strong?

We've got you. Our team curated a list of expert-led courses covering the most important concepts across JavaScript, HTML, C++, and Python. And if you're into tests (and who isn't), you can take a Skill Assessment to show you've got what it takes to level up!...

Think you've got what it takes? Dive into these expert-led courses and show the world once again what you can do. You've got this.

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Source: Learning Blog 

A virtual trip to the bookshop for Willow Tree Primary School | Education - Harrogate Informer

Real life trips and visits might be off the cards for a while longer, but Willow Tree Primary School is determined to continue to raise the profile of reading for pleasure by Harrogate.

A virtual trip to the bookshop for Willow Tree Primary School — Harrogate Informer

Year 3 and Year 4 pupils were very lucky to receive an invite to ‘The Great Big Book Hullabaloo’ from the Little Ripon Bookshop. Each class received an exciting delivery which included top secret details for the event and a book from the author and illustrator they then got to meet virtually – Laura Ellen Anderson.

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Source: Harrogate Informer

Eight independent bookshops you can order from online in lockdown | What's On - Chronicle Live

Independent retailers are missing out on trade during the busiest period of the year as lockdown overshadows the run-up to Christmas by Simon Meechan, advanced content writer for the Chronicle, Journal and Sunday Sun.

Forum Books' new home at The Chapel
Photo: Nigel John
For independent book shops, it's a double blow.

The second national lockdown came hot on the heels of the Booker Prize announcing its 2020 shortlist. The winner is set to be announced on November 19, slap bang in the middle of the lockdown. Often the Booker Prize announcement leads to a spike in book sales and a vital income injection for booksellers..

With long lockdown nights ahead of us, there has never been a better time to settle down with a good book. And there has arguably never been a more important time to support independent businesses. Why not kill two birds with one stone and make an order from one of the region's independent bookshops?. 

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Source: Chronicle Live

Book review: The BrainCanDo Handbook | Book reviews - TES News

This collection of essays on neuroscience offers a glimpse into how the other half educates, says Megan Dixon, director of research and development at the Aspire Educational Trust.

The 'BrainCanDo' Handbook of Teaching and Learning:
Practical Strategies to Bring Psychology

Prince Harry has reported how he has learned a huge amount about unconscious bias since being married to Meghan Markle. In a moment of honesty, he recalled that he had been raised in a context of luxury and privilege, and it had taken him many years to recognise his own prejudices. 

This prejudice, or unconscious bias, creeps in whether we like it or not. We are born with a predisposition to prefer the sorts of people we are familiar with, and this colours our behaviour and attitudes towards others..

What has this got to do with a review of a book about the translation of educational neuroscience into teaching and learning practice?...

Swayed by the use of scientific language

Refreshingly, the book starts with a philosophical exploration of the elusive concept of scientism: the dogmatic excessive belief in the power or value of science. We have, it suggests, “a dogmatic assumption that scientific methods or findings can be immediately or straightforwardly applied in education”. This is where schools and practitioners are misled. 

We are wrong to consider it easy or to be easily swayed by the use of scientific language or concepts. It is perfectly possible to be a good teacher without a deep knowledge of educational neuroscience

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Source: TES News

Marcel Proust, Nan Shepherd, Sam Lipsyte: The Books Briefing | Books - The Atlantic

Suggestions for a wandering mind: Your weekly guide to the best in books, observes Kate Cray, assistant editor at The Atlantic. 

Illustrated, Georges de Feure/DeAgostini/Getty

Hark, by the author Sam Lipsyte, is a satire of a world plagued by inattention. In it, hopelessly distracted characters who are desperate for focus turn to the ineffective self-help practice of “mental archery”—and fall further into chaos.

For many readers, this feeling may be painfully familiar. With anxiety about the news, a warped sense of time, and new social norms, the pandemic has made it hard to maintain focus for a while now. Reading (whether short poems or long epics) can offer a respite. Detail-rich works are particularly grounding, helping readers concentrate even after they put the book down. My colleague Oliver Munday found that his perception was sharpened by Marcel Proust’s beautifully descriptive novel cycle, In Search of Lost Time. Similarly, the critic Connor Goodwin experienced heightened sensory awareness when reading The Living Mountain, Nan Shepherd’s memoir about climbing in the Scottish Highlands.

In Lecture, the English professor Mary Cappello celebrates such deep rumination, even when it comes at the expense of sustained attention to the information a lecturer is imparting. Cappello describes the concentrated thought that comes from a meandering mind, and in doing so, she elides the distinction between distraction and attention. The writer Marina Benjamin encourages similar “mind wandering” in her memoir Insomnia. While Benjamin certainly doesn't offer a cure for sleeplessness, she opens up the possibilities of what “strange things … can be seen and felt in insomnia” when you allow your thoughts to roam.

Read more... 

Source: The Atlantic  

13 books you need to add to your reading list before they come to the screen | Books - Stylist Magazine

Hollie Richardson, digital writer at Stylist.co.uk says, From Queenie to Daisy Jones & The Six and Conversations With Friends, here are the 13 books you’re going to want to read before they hit screens over the next year.

From Queenie to Daisy Jones & The Six and Conversations With Friends, here are the 13 books you're going to want to read before they hit screens over the next year.
Photo: Stylist Magazine

Anyone who’s ever been nervous about seeing their favourite novel being adapted for the screen will agree that adapting books for TV and film is a contentious issue. But this year has given us some brilliant book-to-screen adaptations. Just look at the success of Sally Rooney’s Normal People on BBC Three, season five of Outlander on Amazon and the modern movie retelling of Jane Austen’s Emma

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Source: Stylist Magazine

On the brink of a Booker: 2020's shortlisted authors on the stories behind their novels | Booker prize 2020 - The Guardian

With the winner due to be announced next week, the six novelists up for the Booker prize reveal their inspirations by Diane Cook, The Guardian.

On the shortlist … (top row l-r): Brandon Taylor, Maaza Mengiste, Avni Doshi; (bottom row l-r): Douglas Stuart, Tsitsi Dangarembga and Diane Cook. Composite: William J Adams, Sharon Hairdas, EPA, Getty, Katherine Rondina

The 2020 Booker prize winner will be announced on 19 November.

Take a look at these authors below.

Read more... 

Source: The Guardian

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