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Why Colleges Are Offering Data Science Programs | Education - U.S. News & World Report

This story is excerpted from the U.S. News "Best Colleges 2021" guidebook, which features in-depth articles, rankings and data.

Zackary Bennett, Publications Intern at U.S. News & World Report emphasiz, Across disciplines, there's a demand for people with an aptitude for crunching numbers.

Data science programs offer opportunities to apply math, statistics and computer science foundations to fields like health, business or the social sciences.
Photo: Coe Sweet
Maddy Matura took an early interest in biology at Denison University in Ohio and over time discovered she had an affinity for a specific scientific approach to understanding human life: digging deep into data. The Chicago native ended up majoring in data analytics because she saw how valuable number-crunching has become in just about every field.

Hospitals are using in-depth statistics to do predictive modeling of disease outcomes and to identify opportunities to intervene early and head off trouble, for example. Education officials analyze test results and grade trends to improve student performance. Credit card companies and financial institutions ferret out risks and fraud.

There are "a lot of cool applications in health care, especially in global health," says Matura, who had the opportunity to gain exposure to hospitals and health systems in Europe while studying abroad in Copenhagen, Denmark. The 2020 graduate is planning to put her data analytics degree to immediate use as a business consultant at Deloitte in New York City.

The basic notion of data science is to analyze information to improve performance or productivity, and the applications are "just endless," says Phil Bourne, a data science and biomedical engineering professor and dean of the new school of data science at the University of Virginia...

Jobs in data science and advanced analytics were projected to grow by 28% over the last five years, with advertised average salaries of $80,200 – more than $8,700 higher than the figure for other bachelor's- and graduate-level jobs – according to a 2017 report from IBM, the Business-Higher Education Forum and Burning Glass Technologies, a job market analytics firm.

And the field of computer and information research scientists alone is expected to grow "much faster than average," by 16% between 2018 and 2028, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 

Read more... 

Source: U.S. News & World Report

Mathematics and Poetry: Some Impressions | Literature - The Daily Star

Azfar Hussain, Associate Professor of Liberal Studies/Interdisciplinary Studies at Grand Valley State University says, I think I've always loved mathematics in my own ways.

Mathematics and Poetry: Some Impressions
Photo: The Daily Star

True, given the kinds of options that were available in my high school, I enthusiastically opted for what was then called the "Humanities Group." But I enrolled in that group—and later majored in literature—not out of my fear or dislike of mathematics as such.

In fact, very early on in my life, I used to look at mathematical symbols—or, say, at certain mathematical "compositions"—as I would look at paintings or even poems with a sense of awe and wonder. The symbols arranged in certain order on a page—or for that matter, patterns rendered visible—simply looked beautiful to me. They still do. Once in my dream, a dream that I vividly recall, I saw how an entire Shakespearean sonnet morphed into a 14-line mathematical equation right under my eyes!

Indeed, way before I began to read the French philosopher Alain Badiou—whose love of mathematics is unmistakable—I had realized in my own way that mathematics is more than just logical proofs; that mathematics cannot always be reduced to conventional logic; and that mathematics at a certain level does not have to do with even computational accuracy but it surely involves the power of our imagination...

To begin with, basic things like rhythm, rhyme, order, pattern, symmetry, symbols—ones that variously obtain in poetic production—immediately involve the mathematical itself. Moreover, while both poetry and mathematics deliver their "truths"—as Emily Dickinson once put it: "Tell all the truth but tell it slant"—it is also true that both mathematics and poetry also continue to suggest and provoke all possible combinations and configurations of symbolic and tropic phenomena, which, however, remain anchored in the material world in the final instance.

And, of course, music and mathematics—as many musicologists have shown—speak to one another in various ways. But their exchanges do not merely reside in how they symbolically represent our world, but also lie in the ways in which both 'make' and mobilize abstractions that—however heightened and 'pure'—cannot simply free-float out of the horizon of human history.

Read more... 

Source: The Daily Star

Myth debunked: Can artificial intelligence replace mathematicians? | Science - Times of Malta

A proof is a step-by-step logical argument that verifies the truth of a conjecture by Times of Malta. 

 Photo: courtesy of Stuart Miles at FreeDigitalPhotos.netIt both establishes the validity of a statement and explains why it is true. In the 1970s, the late mathematician Paul Cohen, the only person to ever win a Fields Medal for work in mathematical logic, reportedly made the prediction that computers will eventually replace mathematicians when proving their theorems.

The debate over the role of computers in pure ma­the­matics is an animated one. Mathematicians, logicians and philosophers have long argued over what part of creating proofs is fundamentally human...

 “The drive to mechanise proof and proof verification doesn’t strongly motivate most mathematicians as far as I can tell,” Columbia University mathematician and 2007 Clay Research Award receiver Michael Harris said. 

“I can understand why computer scientists and logicians would be excited, but I think mathematicians are looking for something else.”

Read more... 

Source: Times of Malta

Why can’t the Cube be Doubled or the Circle be Squared? | Mathematics - Medium

It took over two thousand years for algebra to expose the limitations of the straight edge and compass, argues Keith McNulty, Analytics leader at McKinsey.

We were wasting our time of course, because ten years later as a Pure Mathematics undergraduate, I would discover proofs that it is impossible to double the cube or square the circle using just a compass and straight edge using a finite number of steps...

I personally find this link between abstract algebra and ancient Greek geometry both beautiful and inspiring. I hope you do too. If you are interested in playing around with it, you can try and prove some of the other impossible constructions. For example, while it was shown above how to bisect any angle, try to prove that it is impossible to trisect a 60 degree angle. (Hint: look for an equation that can express cos3θ in terms of cosθ and then see what follows from the logic in this article).

Read more... 

Source: Medium

Computer Simulation as “Core Philosophical Method” | Philosophy - Daily Nous

Modeling and computer simulations, we claim, should be considered core philosophical methods.” as Justin Weinberg, Associate Professor of Philosophy at University of South Carolina and Editor, Daily Nous reports.

Computer Simulation as "Core Philosophical Method" - Daily Nous
Photo: [Robert Kunec, “Thinker”]

So argue Conor Mayo-Wilson (University of Washington) and Kevin Zollman (Carnegie Mellon University) in a new paper, “The Computational Philosophy: Simulation as a core philosophical method“.

More specifically, they argue for two main points:...

But they do think “training philosophers in computational methods should be more common” as “modeling and programming are two important formal tools that fit naturally with paradigmatic philosophical methods.”

Read more... 

Source: Daily Nous 

These three robots can teach kids how to code | Technology - Popular Science

This story appeared in the Summer 2020, Play issue of Popular Science.

John Kennedy, Author at Popular Science suggest, Start them young on the path to elite skills.

You can turn learning software into a game.
Photo: Jarren VinkPopular Science’s Play issue is now available to everyone. Read it now, no app or credit card required.

Toys that teach coding can spark a lifelong interest in programming. These bots offer increasing levels of customizability and complexity to match a young one’s skills.

Read more... 

Source: Popular Science

‘Unless you get the ethics of data right, you'll fail on the effectiveness as well’ | Education and skills - PublicTechnology

The head of the Royal Statistical Society, Stian Westlake, talks algorithms, politicians and the current ‘favourable wind’ gathering in government behind his profession.

Ethics written on scrabble tiles
Photo: Nick Youngson/Alpha Stock Images/CC BY-SA 3.0

Stian Westlake is more surprised by one of this reporter’s questions than one might expect the chief executive of the Royal Statistical Society to be. It is, of course: what is his favourite official statistic?

But after some thought, he provides an answer – prefaced with the apologetic caveat that it is “very geeky”.

“The ONS used to publish an information sheet showing the ratio of house prices to the new-build cost of housing. What it shows is – unsurprisingly for anyone who's immersed in the UK property market – it costs an awful lot more to buy a house than to build a house,” he says. “The reason why that's so interesting is because it's the smoking gun for the fact that we have a real problem with the supply of housing and planning in the UK. I think it’s one of the small statistics that sums up a very big debate and points to something that really matters to people.”

Westlake took up the role at the head of the RSS, an industry body representing statisticians and data analysts, in July of this year. He says he has long had a fascination with “the world of data and the use of statistics to make the world a better place”. 

He has spent the last decade at the innovation think tank Nesta, after stints at McKinsey and social investment firm The Young Foundation...

The RSS even put forward statisticians to help navigate what it acknowledged would be a tremendously challenging process – but was told they would need to sign a non-disclosure agreement to do so. The society objected, saying it would prevent independent experts from commenting on any discussions that Ofqual did not choose to make public itself for five years.

Read more... 

Source: PublicTechnology

The brain's memory abilities inspire AI experts in making neural networks less 'forgetful' | Machine learning & AI news - Tech Xplore

Artificial intelligence (AI) experts at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the Baylor College of Medicine report that they have successfully addressed what they call a "major, long-standing obstacle to increasing AI capabilities" by drawing inspiration from a human brain memory mechanism known as "replay." by

The brain's memory abilities inspire AI experts in making neural networks less 'forgetful'
Photo: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

First author and postdoctoral researcher Gido van de Ven and principal investigator Andreas Tolias at Baylor, with Hava Siegelmann at UMass Amherst, write in Nature Communications that they have developed a new method to protect—"surprisingly efficiently"— from "catastrophic forgetting;" upon learning new lessons, the networks forget what they had learned before.

Siegelmann and colleagues point out that deep are the main drivers behind recent AI advances, but progress is held back by this forgetting.

They write, "One solution would be to store previously encountered examples and revisit them when learning something new...

For example, "if our network with generative replay first learns to separate cats from dogs, and then to separate bears from foxes, it will also tell cats from foxes without specifically being trained to do so. And notably, the more the system learns, the better it becomes at learning new tasks," says van de Ven.

He and colleagues write, "We propose a new, brain-inspired variant of replay in which internal or hidden representations are replayed that are generated by the network's own, context-modulated feedback connections. Our method achieves state-of-the-art performance on challenging continual learning benchmarks without storing data, and it provides a novel model for abstract level replay in the brain."

Read more... 

Source: Tech Xplore

Get this Deep Learning & Data Analysis Certification Bundle for only $39.99 | Store - Neowin

Today's highlighted deal comes via our Online Courses section of the Neowin Deals store, where you can save 97% off this Deep Learning & Data Analysis Certification Bundle by News Staff.

Get this Deep Learning & Data Analysis Certification Bundle for only $39.99
Best selling instructor and data scientist Minerva Singh provides 30 hours of content on data analysis, visualization, statistics, deep learning, and more.

This bundle consists of the following courses:...

Good to know
  • Length of time users can access this course: lifetime
  • Certification of completion included
  • Updates included
  • Redemption deadline: redeem your code within 30 days of purchase

For terms, certification and instructor info, click here.

Here's the deal

This Deep Learning & Data Analysis Certification Bundle normally costs $1,600 but it can be yours for only $39.99, that's a saving of $1,560.01 (97%) off!

Read more... 

Source: Neowin

New artificial intelligence could save both elephant and human lives | Artificial Intelligence - Mongabay.com

Mongabay Series: Sue Palminteri WildTech Reporting Fellowship

  • RESOLVE recently debuted the WildEyes AI system, a tiny camera imbued with artificial intelligence that can be trained to recognize specific animals in the field.
  • The first version of WildEyes is trained to recognize elephants, which often come into conflict with humans when they raid crops and enter villages.
  • RESOLVE says WildEyes can sound an early alarm to help prepare villagers to repel elephants.
  • In the future, it may also be used to notify biologists of rare or invasive species, stop poachers, or prevent illegal logging.

Claudia Geib, science writer and editor writes, When the elephant arrived in the night, on the hunt for sugarcane, Uthorn Kanthong was waiting for him.

Examples of the 3D renderings used to train WildEyes’ AI system, here training the system on a tiger. This method of training the AI prepares it to recognize a target regardless of camera angle or background.
Photo: RESOLVE. 

Like many of his neighbors, the 69-year-old Thai farmer had taken to staying in his fields into the late hours, to try and scare off elephants that came to snack on his crop. He usually returned home by midnight. But that night in 2018, he didn’t come back.

Worried, his daughter sent out family and friends to look for him. Word came in a few hours later, from local rescue workers: Kanthong was dead. They found him in his field, surrounded by elephant footprints. His legs, arms, and ribs were all fractured. The chief of a nearby national park suspected a male elephant named Bieng, who had been spotted raiding crops nearby.

Reported in the Bangkok Post, this story is all too familiar for anyone who lives in close proximity to elephants. Though people all over the world love elephants, farmers often fear and even loath them for their habit of raiding local fields and entering small villages, especially as elephants’ habitat and food sources have dwindled.

Hundreds of humans and elephants alike die every year in these conflicts. And as deforestation and growing human populations push people and wildlife ever closer together, these conflicts are becoming more frequent. But what if a tiny, barely visible camera with a very smart brain could stop a conflict before it starts?...

According to CVEDIA, this algorithm has an advantage over others thanks to the way it’s trained to recognize an object. Instead of feeding the AI thousands of real photos or videos, CVEDIA gives the system realistic, three-dimensional simulations of the animal or object in question.

This difference, which CVEDIA CEO Arajan Wijnveen compared in an interview to “how Pixar makes movies, as opposed to Hollywood,” allows the computer to learn different variations within a species, as well as what an animal might look like in a wide variety of poses and from different perspectives — all of which might be impossible or extremely time-consuming to photograph in the wild.

Read more... 

Source: Mongabay.com

How to Think Like a Mathematician | Mathematics - Medium

How to Think Like a Mathematician
Photo: Medium

Similarly, this question is asked to learn how the creative process works. Those who are interested in computer science or especially artificial intelligence can give the correct answer to this question. A real mathematician is not interested in finding the answer to this question. He’s just busy doing math.

PhD students need support at the best of the times. How can you help in a pandemic? | PhD students - The Conversation AU

Melissa Hart, Graduate Director, ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes, UNSW  summarizes, Life for graduate students can be hard work and often isolating, and COVID-19 piled on the pressures. That's when having an academic leader and program dedicated to supporting them proved its worth.

The loss of in-person contact with supervisors and peers has added to the challenges graduate students face.
Photo: Shutterstock
A typical Australian PhD often involves a focused research project at one university, with one to two supervisors, and often far from your home or home country. It can be a quite isolating experience.

PhD students are also at great risk of mental health problems. A pre-COVID study from Belgium found one in two PhD students experiences psychological distress. One in three is at risk of psychiatric disorder.

And this year a pandemic has been thrown into the mix...

We do not know how long this pandemic will last. What we do know is all current and any incoming PhD candidates will feel the impacts in some way. With PhD students producing more than half of university research in Australia, this crisis illustrates the importance of ongoing development and support of higher-degree research students.

Read more... 

Source: The Conversation AU

Ten most affordable bachelor’s degrees in computer science | Executive Education - CEOWORLD magasin

Have a look at this article by Maria Gourtsilidou, Senior Editor of Research and Data Analytics at the CEOWORLD magazine.

Bachelor’s degree in computer science.If computer science is an ideal career choice for you, then you can have a look at this article which is about ten most affordable bachelor’s degree in computer science.

Read more...  

Source: CEOWORLD magasin

Netflix’s ‘The Social Dilemma’: The unfair fight of The People vs The Algorithm | Reviews - The Hindu

Divya Kala Bhavani, writes on themes such as entertainment, lifestyle, technology and human rights says, Making waves online for its subliminal messaging, ‘The Social Dilemma’ features whistleblowers who worked for the greedy Internet companies accused of ‘tech-xploitation of bio-power’

Sophia Hammons as Isla in ‘The Social Dilemma’ on Netflix
Photo: Exposure Labs/Netflix

There is a ‘now you see it, now you don’t’ scene in The Social Dilemma, where former Google design ethicist and product philosopher Tristan Harris does a vanishing coin trick. It comes about 20 minutes into the film but it is quite a metaphor for the entire arc of the documentary. Social media is always going to be a dozen steps ahead of you, even when you think you may have cracked the formula for social networking.

As most of the world continues to be home-bound, Netflix has placed audiences in the ultimate social dilemma by streaming The Social Dilemma, the latest documentary from Jeff Orlowski. In the past six months, the OTT giant has put out a plethora of documentaries on the Internet problem, so what is so different with this one that people all over the world are hyperventilating?...

Enter Foucault

What would social theorist Michel Foucault — an academic about whom I ranted many a time — think of social media now? Interviews with Harris, Rosenstein and Zuboff reveal that audiences need to think about the privatisation of the Internet by large corporations. As a theorist who lived way before even an inkling of the Internet even existed, Foucault believed that the masses are conditioned through language to take on ideological perspectives which may have very little to do with fact. Now with social media, there is the reality of fake news and memes which gain traction through shock value and bias but have prevalent effects on consumers. 


Source: The Hindu 

What is an algorithm? | Computing - TechRadar New Zealand

Anna Sevilla, Writer — TechRadar explains, Problem-solving with a list of rules.

 Photo: Shutterstock / carlos castilla

Algorithms affect our daily lives more than we care to think and, most of the time, we don’t even know it. We use algorithms in our daily commute to work, or as you cook your favorite Gordon Ramsey Beef Wellington recipe or bake your favorite key lime pie. As you follow through the steps of a recipe, i.e., exact measurements of each ingredient and even temperature control, you’re able to create the pie as desired - neither sloppy nor rock solid. 

In his book, The Art of Computer Programming, Donald Knuth describes algorithms as a confusing word. Learning about algorithms, it’s easy to agree with this description. Merriam Webster defines it as, “a step-by-step procedure for solving a problem or accomplishing some end - so let’s look into a few more examples first.

Google’s search engine allows us to get search results within milliseconds because it uses an algorithm. How?... Do algorithms involve mathematical equations?

Often, but not always. The important thing to note is that algorithms cannot be vague, otherwise any desired outcome will be unattainable.

I want to learn more about algorithms. Where should I start?

You can start by building your logic, problem-solving skills, and moving on to basic programming (Java, C++, C, Python, etc.). In programming, algorithms play an invaluable role in problem solving, so it is important to note that algorithms have a larger impact in our world than simply getting millions of crawling links within milliseconds of searching on Google, or baking the best k TechRadar New Zealandey lime pie. 

More so, learning about algorithms is not something you can do by reading a single article in one sitting - fortunately, there are a wealth of  resources available online you can use in your search for a better understanding of algorithms.

Read more... 

Source: TechRadar New Zealand

The COVID-19 pandemic is a chance to rethink math now and when students return to the classroom | Commentary - The San Diego Union-Tribune

Within a month of coronavirus-related school closures beginning last spring, California parents were anxious about the effect on their children: Nearly 90 percent were afraid their children would fall behind academically, and 80 percent reported heightened stress level, as The San Diego Union-Tribune reports.

The San Diego Unified School District began this school year with students distance learning from home.
Photo: File

With many schools, including those in the San Diego Unified School District, reopening remotely, those concerns have only amplified. I’m acutely aware of these worries as a parent of three elementary-aged children.  

As San Diego Unified ’s TK-12 instructional coordinator of mathematics, I anticipated as early as last April that this school year would be atypical. Rather than waiting until we knew precisely what school would look like, the San Diego Unified Math Leadership Team and I began a months-long process to plan for the fall, with a focus on ensuring that students continue to develop mathematical practices like sense-making and critical thinking through rich and relevant mathematics...

In practice, this means that we won’t spend a few weeks at the beginning of sixth grade reviewing fraction skills from previous grades that students have forgotten or have incomplete understandings about. Instead, we’ll provide activities and practice when students actually need to use fractions to solve a sixth-grade problem, like when using rates and ratios.

Prioritizing essential mathematics and offering just-in-time support for students is key for a productive year. The circumstances are challenging. We are adapting to them in ways designed to prevent students from falling behind and allow them to thrive in their math courses.


Source: The San Diego Union-Tribune

What it's like teaching remotely in an empty classroom | EdTech - TES News

Charlotte Brunton, secondary English department head at the British School of Gran Canaria observes, Teachers at one international school are delivering lessons in empty classrooms - with students watching live from home.

Teachers at one international school are delivering lessons in empty classrooms - with students watching live from home
Photo: Tes   

We were hoping to open our school doors on 1 September.

Devastatingly, though, we received news on the afternoon of 31 August that our well-laid plans were to be postponed for at least two weeks due to a rise in coronavirus cases.

This meant only one thing: a return to virtual learning for our 650 students. However, rather than doing this from home, this time things would be a little different...

Not lecturing

Teachers are also learning, adapting and improving.

Many of us realised that we attempted to turn into university lecturers when teaching online previously, thinking we had to fill every silence and bore our students silly in the process.

We are now planning lessons where there are clear learning sequences.   

Read more...  

Source: TES News

Digital must underpin all aspects of college life | Opinion - FE Week

Digital learning has shown its potential, and while issues of equity remain now is the time for colleges to make the transition permanent, writes Sally Dicketts, president, Association of Colleges.

Digital must underpin all aspects of college life
Photo: FE Week

Colleges play a significant role in building communities and supporting their local economy, and the COVID-19 pandemic has brought this sharply into focus. Innovative practices were rapidly put in place to teach remotely during lockdown, and we saw colleges championing digital as a way of supporting learners.

As learners now return to college, the further education (FE) sector is helping the UK bounce back – upskilling, reskilling and providing pathways for those who have recently left school. Whether students are learning on campus, remotely, or with a blended approach, they are using digital systems and learning platforms, connecting and collaborating with their peers and tutors, accessing support for their wellbeing, and benefitting from a nurturing college community. Technology underpins every aspect of that experience.

Jisc’s learner digital experience insights survey 2020 gives crucial insights into where we are now and what students may need in future, highlighting how 19,137 learners in colleges and sixth forms experience and use technology to support their learning...

We all now need to build on the learnings of lockdown to help students utilise their life skills, adaptability, creativity, teamwork and empathy. Now is the time for colleges to ensure digital underpins every aspect of their learners’ educational journey.

Read more... 

Source: FE Week

At home in the new era of digital learning | Schools - The Tribune

Education is the most powerful weapon which can be used to change society as a whole, according to Sushil Awasthi, Principal, Cambridge Global School

At home in the new era of digital learning
Photo: The Tribune Education begins at birth and continues throughout our life. School is a place where students learn every moment and our focus is to provide a support to our children so they continue learning with modern methodology. When lockdown started due to Covid-19, no one had ever thought about online teaching. 

The school, therefore, has undertaken a great leap in integrating information and communication technology into online teaching and learning process. 

We believe in empowering our children in a manner that they act as representatives of a meaningful and value-based society! Our pedagogy, which is holistic and comprehensive, complements this... 

The school always tries its best to maintain the highest quality academic standard and provide the wonderful environment for studies. I would like to share the words of Albert Einstein: 

“Imagination is more important than knowledge. For while knowledge defines all we currently know and understand, imagination points to all we might yet discover and create.” Let's become cognizant of their emotional and mental health and make efforts towards improving it. 
Read more... 

Source: The Tribune

Maryam Mirzakhani, the Only Woman to Have Won Math's Highest Honor | Biography - Science

Marcia Wendorf, former high school math teacher, technical writer, author, and programmer notes, Fields Medal recipient Iranian mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani, has left behind a stunning legacy for women and girls in STEM. 

Maryam Mirzakhani, the Only Woman to Have Won Math's Highest Honor
Photo: pxfuel - edited by Marcia WendorfIn mathematics, the highest award you can receive is the Fields Medal. Created by Canadian mathematician John Charles Fields, it is only awarded once every four years, to a maximum of four mathematicians, and all must be under the age of 40-years-old.
While the first Fields Medal was first awarded in 1936, the medal has only been continuously awarded every four years since 1950. Famous recipients include the physicist Edward Witten in 1990 and Russian mathematician Grigori Perelman in 2006, who ultimately declined the medal. 
From 1936 and 2014, all the recipients of the Fields Medal had been men, that is until 2014. That's when an Iranian woman along with Brazilian Artur Avila, Canadian Manjul Bhargava, and Austrian Martin Hairer received a Fields Medal. Meet Maryam Mirzakhani...To allow Mirzakhani's daughter to be able to visit Iran, the Iranian parliament sped up passage of an amendment that allows the children of Iranian mothers who are married to foreigners to receive Iranian nationality...

In February 2020, on International Day of Women and Girls in STEM, Maryam Mirzakhani was honored by UN Women as one of seven female scientists, dead or alive, who have shaped our world.
Read more... 

Source: Interesting Engineering


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