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We hear Beethoven’s music as autobiography, but that wasn’t always the case | Music - OUPblog

Mark Evan Bonds,  Cary C. Boshamer Distinguished Professor of Music at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he has taught since 1992 writes, At a pre-COVID live performance of one of Ludwig van Beethoven’s cello sonatas, I was in the front row and had a great view of the musicians. Beethoven was watching, too, in the form of a scowling bust at the back of the stage. 

Beethoven: variations on a life
Photo: Maria Lupan on Unsplash. And the two just didn’t match. The music was playful and jesting, but Beethoven looked deeply unhappy. It struck me at that moment that the assumption of composers expressing themselves in their music was not as straightforward as it is often taken to be.

The Beethoven Syndrome is my name for the inclination of listeners to hear music—particularly instrumental music—as the projection of a composer’s innermost self. It’s a common response. People often hear Beethoven’s music as a kind of sonic diary, as a soundtrack of his own life, so to speak. But that’s not how his contemporaries heard it. They knew very little about him as a person, and it was only after his death that they began hearing his music as an outpouring of his soul. Yet by 1850, just a few decades after his death, audiences were hearing not just Beethoven’s music but pretty much all instrumental music by any composer as a form of autobiography.
Why was that? Why did listening habits change so radically in the years around 1830?...

Why did Beethoven write particular pieces the way he did? It was long assumed—but again, only after his death—that the “Moonlight” Sonata, op. 27, no. 2, was his response to a passionate love affair (of which Beethoven had quite a few). And maybe it was. It’s easy to map this onto the piece, with its brooding first movement and turbulent finale. But then how do we explain its companion piece published alongside it, the Piano Sonata op. 27, no. 1, which conveys a completely different mood?
Read more... 

Recommended Reading

To celebrate 250 years since Beethoven’s birth, we’ve pulled together new and notable content across all of our products—from academic books to reference works to journal articles—to offer a wide range of perspectives on one of the most admired composers in the history of Western music. 

Source: OUPblog

What is one-shot learning? | What is... - TechTalks

This article is part of Demystifying AI, a series of posts that (try to) disambiguate the jargon and myths surrounding AI.
Ben Dickson, founder of TechTalks observes, One-shot learning allows deep learning algorithms to measure the similarity and difference between two images. 
 Facial recognition mobile app
Photo: DepositphotosPassport checks at airports and border gates present a special challenge: How do you tell if the person standing in front of you is the same person whose picture is in the passport? Border and customs officers solve this problem using the complex mechanisms ingrained in the human visual system through billions of years of evolution.
It’s not a perfect process, but it works well most of the time.

In the realm of artificial intelligence, this is called the “one-shot learning” challenge. In a more abstract way, can you develop a computer vision system that can look at two images it has never seen before and say whether they represent the same object?...

One-shot learning is an exciting and active area of research. There are other variations of the method, including zero-shot and few-shot learning.
Read more... 

Source: TechTalks

Academic Minute: Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence | Quick Takes - Inside Higher Ed

Doug Lederman, editor and co-founder of Inside Higher Ed summarizes, Artificial intelligence and machine learning can teach us about the future.

Photo: JumpStoryToday on the Academic Minute: Falk Huettmann, associate professor of wildlife biology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, explores the benefit to the public good from artificial intelligence and machine learning. Learn more about the Academic Minute here.

Source: Inside Higher Ed

Soldiers could teach future robots how to outperform humans | Robotics - Science Daily

Researchers have designed an algorithm that allows an autonomous ground vehicle to improve its existing navigation systems by watching a human drive. 
In the future, a Soldier and a game controller may be all that's needed to teach robots how to outdrive humans, says Science Daily.
Army researchers use human teachers to improve navigation in autonomous systems.
Photo:  U.S. Army Research LaboratoryAt the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command's Army Research Laboratory and the University of Texas at Austin, researchers designed an algorithm that allows an autonomous ground vehicle to improve its existing navigation systems by watching a human drive. The team tested its approach -- called adaptive planner parameter learning from demonstration, or APPLD -- on one of the Army's experimental autonomous ground vehicles.

"Using approaches like APPLD, current Soldiers in existing training facilities will be able to contribute to improvements in autonomous systems simply by operating their vehicles as normal," said Army researcher Dr. Garrett Warnell. "Techniques like these will be an important contribution to the Army's plans to design and field next-generation combat vehicles that are equipped to navigate autonomously in off-road deployment environments."

The researchers fused machine learning from demonstration algorithms and more classical autonomous navigation systems. Rather than replacing a classical system altogether, APPLD learns how to tune the existing system to behave more like the human demonstration...

"From a machine learning perspective, APPLD contrasts with so called end-to-end learning systems that attempt to learn the entire navigation system from scratch," Stone said. "These approaches tend to require a lot of data and may lead to behaviors that are neither safe nor robust. APPLD leverages the parts of the control system that have been carefully engineered, while focusing its machine learning effort on the parameter tuning process, which is often done based on a single person's intuition."
Read more... 

Additional resources  
Journal Reference:  

1. Xuesu Xiao, Bo Liu, Garrett Warnell, Jonathan Fink, Peter Stone. APPLD: Adaptive Planner Parameter Learning From Demonstration. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, 2020; 5 (3): 4541 DOI: 10.1109/LRA.2020.3002217

Source: Science Daily

Best of arXiv.org for AI, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning – July 2020 | AI, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning - insideBIGDATA

In this recurring monthly feature, we filter recent research papers appearing on the arXiv.org preprint server for compelling subjects relating to AI, machine learning and deep learning – from disciplines including statistics, mathematics and computer science – and provide you with a useful “best of” list for the past month by Daniel Gutierrez, Author at insideBIGDATA.

Researchers from all over the world contribute to this repository as a prelude to the peer review process for publication in traditional journals. arXiv contains a veritable treasure trove of statistical learning methods you may use one day in the solution of data science problems. We hope to save you some time by picking out articles that represent the most promise for the typical data scientist. The articles listed below represent a fraction of all articles appearing on the preprint server. They are listed in no particular order with a link to each paper along with a brief overview. Especially relevant articles are marked with a “thumbs up” icon. Consider that these are academic research papers, typically geared toward graduate students, post docs, and seasoned professionals. They generally contain a high degree of mathematics so be prepared.

Enjoy your reading and have a cup of tasty☕️coffee!    

Source: insideBIGDATA  

How to turn drone-flying kids into tech-savvy experts | Business - DW (English)

For many kids around the globe, there's nothing more exciting than flying a drone. as DW (English) reports.

DroneMasters Academy's summer camp in BerlinA group of trainers in Berlin builds on this enthusiasm to teach youngsters a million things about the technology surrounding drones.

In downtown Berlin's Mitte district, the summer heat doesn't keep a motley group of youngsters from listening attentively to two trainers teaching them the basics of drone flying in a playful and entertaining way.

Digestible and yet demanding doses of input, interspersed with multimedia presentations 
from the web and question-and-answer rounds, keep the class focused on learning as much as possible about various types of drones and what you need to know to fly them safely.

It's day four of a weeklong summer camp for teenagers organized by the Berlin-based DroneMasters Junior Academy and available for kids between 10 and 15...

The idea behind it 
Lead trainer Branko May Trinkwald tells DW that in everything the kids are confronted with during the summer camp, the organizers never lose sight of the big picture.

"We try to use drone racing sport as an instrument to teach the participants about digitization processes in society, and natural sciences feature prominently as well — math, physics and whatever else you need to navigate your drones in airspace," Trinkwald tells DW.

His colleague, hardware engineer Philipp Horstmann, adds that the camp is about showing the kids how to put to use the theoretical knowledge they're confronted with at school.

"Mathematics is not about being able to juggle figures, but in our case you need to be able to calculate a drone's thrust, rotational speed or maximum flying time in midair," Horstmann tells DW. "

Source: DW (English)

UCF creates hotline to help parents with virtual learning | Virtuel Learning - FOX 35 Orlando

Samantha Sosa, Reporter at FOX 35 inform, If you are navigating virtual school for the first time and need help teaching your children concepts, or if you are a student who needs support, the University of Central Florida has created a free resource.

UCF creates hotline to help parents with virtual learningThe Parents as Teachers Hotline can be reached at 407-823-0687.

The hotline will be open Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

You can also email parentsteachccie@ucf.edu.

The service connects callers to a professional at UCF’s College of Community Innovation and Education who can help with school questions. 

Questions can be subject-oriented, like math or science, or behavioral...

The program was launched at the end of last year when schools in Florida started distance learning because of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Source: FOX 35 Orlando

Performance and art students adapt to online learning | Arts & Entertainment - Daily Trojan Online

Shifting to online classes has altered the creative process, as Daily Trojan Online reports.

Students in arts- and performance-based majors learn new ways of pursuing their creative passions with the move to online learning this fall.
Photo: Vincent Leo | Daily TrojanBefore the coronavirus pandemic, a typical day for Casey Gardner, a senior majoring in theatre, would begin at 7 a.m. As a School of Dramatic Arts student, she used this early morning time to prep costumes, print scripts and warm up before her 8 a.m. acting classes. The rest of her days were occupied with classwork, meeting with scene partners, memorizing lines, a four-hour rehearsal block from 6 to 10 p.m. and often another rehearsal after that. She usually doesn’t make it back home before midnight. 

“It’s a pretty intense day of work,” Gardner said. “Obviously, you’d have to love it.”

However, along with all other students in USC’s many arts- and performance-based majors, Gardner’s day is going to look different this semester due to the current challenges that remote learning presents. The to and fro that filled her days will now mostly take place within her apartment in Los Angeles and although she said that may be disappointing, she’s found ways to adjust... 

Students in the Thornton School of Music also had to find ways to recreate a collaborative hands-on art form remotely. Maria McMillian, a sophomore majoring in popular music performance, emphasized the importance of collaboration within her cohort.

“The hard thing about music is that it depends so heavily on us being in the same space and playing together in real time,” McMillian said. “You just can’t recreate that online or on Zoom.”

In the week following spring break, McMillian’s professors chose the Acapella app to perform music in groups remotely. Although the app spurred many trivial internet videos back in its 2015 peak, applied to a musical education, it proved relatively effective. 

Source: Daily Trojan Online 

How To Build An eLearning Team | Digital Market News

It Takes A Village
Building an eLearning team is a bit like building a house by Mark Zides, CEO, CoreAxis Consulting.

Photo: Smart Design / shutterstock.com You can’t build a house with just a roofer. And you can’t build an effective eLearning program with just a developer. In order to maximize the investment in virtual learning, you need a team that’s equipped to handle everything from the overarching strategy to the nuanced details.

A great eLearning program is at the intersection of strategy, technology, and creativity, and a great training outsourcing partner will provide you with a team to synthesize all three. When you build a complete eLearning team, you should have access to cutting-edge development technology, in addition to experience with collaboration tools like Zoom so you can work together seamlessly...

You Have Finished Building Your eLearning Team. Now What? 
Building a virtual training course isn’t necessarily easy, but having a dedicated team in place that can handle each step of the process and is fully up-to-speed and invested in your goals accelerates the process, and ensures your program is dynamic, optimized and effective. For more helpful advice, the eBook Maximize Employees’ Potential With The Right Virtual Training Partner will explain everything you need to keep in mind, with great examples and thorough analysis.
Read more... 

Source: Digital Market News

The Millennial Disruption of Learning: Voices of eLearning | Voices of eLearning - MarketScale

Somi Arian joins the Voices of eLearning to discuss the necessity of developing useful content with valuable thought leadership.

JW Marshall, host of Voices of eLearning, spoke with Somi Arian, Founder and Managing Director, Smart Cookie Media.

Marshall and Arian began their discussion with the topic of how the COVID-19 pandemic has changed the career and business landscape. “It has accelerated a change that has already started,” said Arian.  The companies that have done well during the pandemic are the technology companies who were already positioned to operate successfully in a remote manner...
Arian also spoke to one of her most passionate topics; artificial intelligence and machine learning. She discussed the role of technology and the evolution of human ingenuity throughout history. In particular, Arian expanded upon the outsourcing of cognitive abilities to machines in the digital revolution and how this is leading to a dramatic acceleration in the development of artificial intelligence.Read more...  
Source: MarketScale

Stanford instructors help teachers prepare for virtual classrooms | Teaching & Students - Stanford University News

Kathleen J. Sullivan - Stanford News - Stanford University writes, The summer course, Teaching Your Class Online courses – a collaboration of Stanford Online High School and Stanford Continuing Studies – attracted thousands of middle school and high school teachers from across the country and around the world.

Lisa Hicks, who teaches philosophy at Stanford Online High School, was one of seven instructors who led small group sessions during the “Teaching Your Class Online” course designed for middle school and high school teachers.
Photo: Andrew BrodheadOne of the most important lessons Sophie Abitbol learned during the Stanford course, “Teaching Your Class Online: Essentials and Practice,” was to keep things simple – technology-wise – when she welcomes students into their virtual classroom this fall.

“We have to be realistic and start with what we know, which is teaching and kids,” said Abitbol, who teaches English to 9th and 12th graders at Burlingame High School, a public high school in Burlingame, California. “The technology bells and whistles will follow.”...

Teaching philosophy remains the same Meg Lamont, who co-taught the essentials course with Latin instructor John Lanier, said one of the first things instructors told teachers was that their teaching philosophy remains the same whether they are meeting their students in a physical classroom or online.
Read more... 

Source: Stanford University News

This is what distance learning should look like in the fall | Virtual School - CNN

When Kim Reeder started teaching in Parker, Colorado, 14 years ago, she found that managing the classroom environment took way more time and energy than actually teaching kids, and she couldn't reach as many of them as she wanted by Lisa Selin Davis, Freelance Writer - New York.

Kim Reeder, a middle school social studies teacher at Colorado Connections Academy, said virtual education enables her to meet each students individual needs."I knew there were kids being left behind or not being pushed hard enough, because due to time constraints and class sizes, I had to teach the middle," she said.

Then Reeder discovered virtual school. As a middle school social studies teacher at Colorado Connections Academy for the past 13 years, she found "there's really no classroom management." Online teaching at the academy, a public K through 12 school, gives her time, freedom and energy to "give every student what they need."

Many schools around the world abruptly transitioned to distance learning in March, when Covid-19 forced brick-and-mortar schools to shutter. But much of what students experienced didn't represent real online school, in which teachers are trained to teach remotely and online... 

Rethinking and relearning the pedagogy Prior to the pandemic, very few teachers received training in how to teach online.

"The more traditionally an educator has been teaching, the less likely they would have been to consider taking an online class," DeMichele said; they wouldn't have learned to teach one, or experienced one themselves.

Yet students have evolved in their technological mastery. "We are teaching teachers to teach students who no longer exist," she said...Read more...

Source: CNN

Universities leading the way for women in STEM | University - Study International News

The world needs more women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) by Study International Staff.

Photo: ShutterstockAccording to the UNESCO report “Cracking the code: girls’ and women’s education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM),” only around 30% of all female students select STEM-related fields in higher education.

Around the world, data show only 3% of female students enrol in IT, 5% in natural science, mathematics and statistics and 8% in engineering, manufacturing and construction. The UNESCO 

“Women in Science 2019” report also found that less than 30% of the world’s researchers are women...

Evely represents the future generation of female STEM leaders at her new project management role at Canada-based construction engineering company Pomerleau...

Here are three universities that are leading the way for women in STEM:
Read more...   

Source: Study International News

New Free Courses to Adapt and Thrive in the New World of Work | Career Advice - The Learning Blog

The new world of work continues to evolve, but it seems like one thing will remain constant: remote work, notes Hari Srinivasan, Vice President of Product Management - Linkedin Learning.

Man at desk holding child.Whether mandated by an employer or a personal choice, chances are many of us will be working from home for the foreseeable future. 

In response to the swift and sweeping change to the way we work, LinkedIn Learning created new courses with expert instructors to help you grow and acquire the skills needed to thrive personally and professionally in the face of whatever comes next. Check out these courses free until September 5, 2020.

Source: The Learning Blog


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