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University in China’s northeast dismisses over 50 PhD students | Society - Global Times

Northeastern University in Northeast China's Liaoning Province said it will dismiss 52 PhD students who failed to finish their studies within the permitted study period, as Global Times reports.

One of them has been studying for their PhD for 18 years and another two for 17 years, according to an announcement released by the university's College of Information Science and Engineering on Tuesday.

The students were enrolled by the college from 2002 to 2012, a list on the college's official website showed. About 78 percent of them have been studying for their PhD at the college for over a decade.
The study period for doctoral students in the university is three years, however, and the maximum length of schooling is six years with suspensions included, according to the management rules of the university.
Chinese universities have been seen clearing those postgraduate or PhD students who fail to graduate at the correct time in recent years. Xidian University in Xi'an of Northwest China's Shaanxi Province, for example, dismissed 33 PhD students in August, some of whom had been studying for 15 years...
A professor at a Shanghai-based university, also a PhD tutor, who asked not to be named, told the Global Times that the main reasons for some PhD students failing to graduate are that they cannot meet the academic requirements of their chosen schools, including publishing a certain number of studies on academic journals, completing course credits, and finishing and having their doctorate dissertations approved.
"In addition, many schools generally have improved their academic requirements for doctoral students in recent years, making it difficult to finish a PhD," the professor noted, adding that PhD students at his school also need to attend international-level academic meetings, in addition to publishing academic papers and having their final thesis reviewed by experts from other schools.
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Source: Global Times

Imperial and TUM launch joint PhD programme in AI, robotics and healthcare | Artificial intelligence - Imperial College London

Imperial and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have launched a joint PhD programme that will initially focus on AI, robotics and healthcare by Stephen Johns, Communications and Public Affairs at Imperial College London.

Professor Aldo Faisal will co-lead a project which may help robotic hands become more effective

The The first wave will support six collaborative research projects, with each individual project led by both an Imperial and a TUM supervisor and underpinned by two doctoral candidates from each university.

The PhD students will spend extended periods at each institution to help build their networks and expand their knowledge...

The first six projects are:

Representation Learning in Oncologic Imaging - Dr Ben Glocker (Imperial) and Professor Marcus Makowski (TUM)

Motion-Corrected Quantitative Body MRI - Dr Bernhard Kainz (Imperial) and Professor Dimitrios Karampinos (TUM)

Confidence-driven Robotic Ultrasound Tissue Scanning for Surgical Resection Guidance - Dr Stamatia Giannarou (Imperial) and Professor Alin Albu-Schäffer (TUM)

Human not Monkey Robotics: Neuro-inspired object manipulation with dextrous hands - Professor Aldo Faisal (Imperial) and Professor David Franklin (TUM)

Sensory Motor Interface for Lower-extremity Exoskeletons - Dr Ravi Vaidyanathan (Imperial) and Professor Klaus Drechsler (TUM)

Non-fluoroscopy-based Robotic Catheter Manipulation and Tracking based on Machine Learning, Bioelectrical Localization and Robotics - Professor Ferdinando Rodriguez y Baena (Imperial) and Professor Nassir Navab (TUM)

Read more...

Source: Imperial College London 

Roger Penrose (Mathematician) Shares The Nobel Prize In Physics With Two Other Astronomers, Andrea Ghez & Reinhard Genzel, On Discovering A Giant Black Hole In The Mily | Technology Times

Richard Feynman, the American theoretical physicist, once said: “Mathematicians are only dealing with the structure of the reasoning and they do not really care about what they’re talking. The physicist, on the other hand, has meaning to all the phrases.” observes Abid Amin Naeem, research scholar at department of Mathematics at COMSATS University Islamabad.
The-Nobel-Prize-In-Physics-With-Two-Other-Astronomers

The Nobel Prize 2020 in Physics for the discoveries concerning the massive and mysterious compact objects in the Universe, like black holes, was shared by a  physicist and two astronomers. Roger Penrose, 89, a British mathematical physicist, earns half of the award for his theoretical frame work that showed how the general relativity theory of Albert Einstein can result in the black holes that have a strong gravitational force that even light cannot escape through it. On the other hand US astronomer Andrea Ghez, and the German astronomer Reinhard Genzel, share the other half of the US$ 1.1-million (10-million-kronor) prize for the discovery of a compact object at the centre of the Milky Way Galaxy...

General relativity to geometry

In a seminal paper (1965), Roger Penrose showed how black holes could form, according to general relativity, provided the right conditions, the creation of the surface that traps the light. Mass enters an inevitable gravitational collapse within this rock, creating a area called a singularity, of infinitely dense energy. This inevitability was seen by previous researchers only under conditions which were considered physically impossible.

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Source: Technology Times

National University of Singapore president: I do not see a return to pre-Covid learning | Our New Future - CNBC

 KEY POINTS

  • The National University of Singapore is using three strategies to prevent coronavirus outbreaks on its campuses.
  • The university is also pushing for greater interdisciplinarity among its courses amid the pandemic.
One of the world’s top universities predicts that learning will never truly return to normal, as CNBC reports.
Photo: Getty ImagesTan Eng Chye, president of the National University of Singapore, told CNBC that he does not foresee any return to pre-coronavirus learning.

“No I do not see things going to (a) pre-Covid-19 period,” Tan told CNBC’s “Squawk Box Asia” Monday, as he explained the university’s three-pronged approach to prevent outbreaks of the coronavirus on its campuses. 

“Containment” was the first of these strategies, dividing the university’s three campuses into five self-contained zones. Staff and students must stay within their designated zone...

Not only has the pandemic prompted the university to re-consider how it teaches students but also what it’s teaching them. As such, it has been actively encouraging greater interdisciplinarity, including setting up a college of humanities and sciences

The jobs crisis created by the pandemic has also put a focus on finding opportunities to upskill or reskill even after having formally finished studying.
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Source: CNBC

What is a data architect? IT’s data framework visionary | Analytics - CIO UK

Data architects visualize and design an organization's enterprise data management framework, aligned with enterprise strategy and business architecture, notes Thor Olavsrud, Senior Writer at CIO.
Photo: Jeff Sheldon / Unsplash (CC0)Data architect roleData architects are senior visionaries who translate business requirements into technology requirements and define data standards and principles. The data architect is responsible for visualizing and designing an organization's enterprise data management framework. This framework describes the processes used to plan, specify, enable, create, acquire, maintain, use, archive, retrieve, control, and purge data. The data architect also "provides a standard common business vocabulary, expresses strategic requirements, outlines high-level integrated designs to meet those requirements, and aligns with enterprise strategy and related business architecture," according to DAMA International's Data Management Body of Knowledge...
How to become a data architectData architect is an evolving role and there is no industry-standard certification or training program for data architects. Typically, data architects learn on the job as data engineers, data scientists, or solutions architects and work their way to data architect with years of experience in data design, data management, and data storage work.
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Source: CIO 

Yale’s academic strategy update emphasizes science and engineering | University - Yale Daily News

Maya Geradi, Staff Reporter at Yale Daily News says, On Oct. 13, University President Peter Salovey announced Yale’s fall 2020 academic strategy update, which emphasized science and engineering in the classroom and beyond. 
Yale's Old Campus at dusk, April 2013Photo: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The update, sent in an email to the Yale community, included the University’s plans for five multidisciplinary areas of focus: data science and computer science, neuroscience, inflammation science, planetary solutions and quantum science, engineering and materials. The areas are reflective of the “five ideas for top-priority investment,” as described in the University Science Strategy Committee’s May 2018 executive summary. These ideas include data science, engineering and materials and neuroscience, among others. In his announcement, Salovey also discussed progress on the Kline Tower Project, neuroscience institute at 100 College Street and the investment in the new physical sciences and engineering building.“
Across our campus, we are emphasizing Yale’s commitment to sciences and engineering to spark discoveries that can improve lives,” Salovey wrote in the email update last Tuesday. “...
The University is also building academic bridges between the School of Architecture, School of Environment, Department of Economics and Department of Sociology to research and create strategies targeting local and global environmental perils, such as climate change. University Provost Scott Strobel is set to meet with faculty across arts, humanities, social science, science and engineering to discuss implementation of the strategies. Read more...
Source: Yale Daily News 

Philosophy Professor Untangles Thorny Matters in His New Book | Off the Shelf - Columbia University

Eve Glasberg, Director, Arts and Culture Communications, Columbia University in the City of New York inform, Justin Clarke-Doane asks the big questions in Morality and Mathematics.
Philosophy Professor Justin Clarke-Doane has been reading physics textbooks lately.For anyone who has the bandwidth to tackle both philosophy and mathematics at the same time, Philosophy Professor Justin Clarke-Doane’s new book is perfect. In Morality and Mathematics, the first book-length treatment of the topic, Clarke-Doane explores the similarities and differences between the two fields of knowledge.
He discusses the book with Columbia News, along with what he reads for pleasure, what he’s teaching this semester, and what he might serve at a dinner party.box-sizing: border-box; 
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Recommended Reading
Morality and MathematicsSource: Columbia University 

These university-level math courses are on sale for just $29 | VB Deals - VentureBeat

Have you ever struggled with math classes in school? by VB Deals.

These university-level math courses are on sale for just $29
Photo: VentureBeatMaybe you discarded it altogether and decided you’re more of a creative type. Either way, you’re not alone. However, the math that you learned in high school unfortunately does not teach many functions and equations that actually apply to real life, and short of higher education courses, this knowledge can be difficult to locate and understand. 
The truth is that math comprehension matters, and with the Mathematics for Engineers Prep Bundle, you can decode even the most advanced math problems. This 9 course bundle contains more than 60 hours of in-depth instruction to bring you from mathematical novice to master of all things Algebra, Calculus, Statistics, and so much more. There is even a course dedicated to how math is directly integrated with electronics, providing you with basic insights as to how circuits and other electronic systems work.

Although you won’t be a university setting, these are university-level courses that you can take at your own leisure. Lifetime access to these courses also ensures that you can continue learning new skills and brushing up on old ones for as long as you want to.

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Source: VentureBeat 

What Are The Top Skills You Need To Amass To Become A Data Scientist? | Technology - Technology Times Pakistan

The interdisciplinary field of career in data science is growing with extraordinary relevance and so do data scientists. 
Top Skills Needed For A Career In Data Science Photo: Technology Times PakistanAt the same time, the world is generating more data than ever before, supported by inexpensive and endless cloud computing resources available to process that data. Since data is the new currency, companies focus on extracting value from the data pool that will help them boost business and adapt to the changing technologies in the market. For this, they need to hire the right people with reliable data science skills. Data scientists are generally believed to have profound knowledge and expertise in fields like machine learning, statistics, mathematics, computing science, data visualization, and communication. Besides, it is justified to possess such technical skills as a data scientist is one of the highest paying jobs in the Tech community. Along with these, a data scientist must have the ability to solve business problems, be agile, carry effective business communication, be a good data storyteller, and a team player... 
Educational Background 

In terms of Academia, the large majority (95%) of current data scientists have a Bachelor’s degree or higher. Out of those, 53% hold a Master’s degree, and 26% – a Ph.D. The study concludes that a person must aim for a second-cycle academic degree; although, having a Bachelor’s can still serve as a pre-requisite as long as the person has the technical skills and preparation required.

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Source: Technology Times Pakistan 

Learn the 5 Fastest Growing Skills Among Business Professionals Today (Bonus: Free Courses) | Top skills and courses - The Learning Blog

Methodology: Among the top 100 skills added by LinkedIn members to their profiles, we identified the skills that had the greatest growth in the number of professionals with the skill from August 2019 to August 2020. We exclude common skills which are possessed by a majority of members.

What are the top trending skills for business professionals? What do your peers want to be known for? This list has the answers by Emily Poague, Vice President of Marketing. 

Photo: The Learning Blog

Professionals have been learning at record rates since COVID-19 hit and have added more than 140 million skills to their LinkedIn profiles since March*. The current economy is putting an even bigger demand on job seekers which is why we pulled together the five fastest growing skills of the year...
Hard skills like Data Analysis, Financial Forecasting, and Analytical Skills are also more important than ever. Business professionals know they need to be more data-driven, meticulous about where they spend their time and dollars, to weather this economic downturn.
Check out these expert-led courses, hot off the presses, to help you learn the five fastest growing skills for business professionals—they’re free until November 20, 2020...
Read more...  
Source: The Learning Blog 

National Bookshop Day celebrates independent bookstores across the country | Books - Newshub

Annabelle Tukia, reporter with Tv3 says, The sixth annual Bookshop Day is being celebrated across the country and thanks to COVID-19, businesses are coming back into the light.

The book retailing business is starting to be 'booming' again. 
Photo: GettyBooksellers New Zealand, which represents 190 independent shops in New Zealand, says Saturday is an opportunity for bookshops to invite their community in.
Booksellers NZ CEO Dan Slevin says the book retailing business is starting to grow again, especially after the COVID-19 lockdown"...
Everyone's really excited to see a new bookshop. People love books and we're so excited to get to know our community."
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Source: Newshub

Two Important New Books on Knowledge, Bias, and Paternalism | Political Ignorance - Reason

Recent works by longtime intellectual antagonists Cass Sunstein (author of "Too Much Information") and Mario Rizzo and Glen Whitman (authors of "Escaping Paternalism") have a surprising amount of common ground by Ilya Somin, Professor of Law, George Mason University.

Traditional paternalists argue that they know what's good for you regardless of your own preferences. Prohibition advocates, for example, claimed that people must be forced to stay away from "Demon Rum"
Unlike old-fashioned paternalists, advocates of LP argue that choice must sometimes be restricted in order to enable people to better pursue their own "true" preferences—to do what they themselves would want to do, but for the pernicious influence of ignorance and cognitive biases. LP enthusiasts also contend that policymakers can simultaneously improve decision-making and minimize coercion by using carefully calibrated "nudges" rather than the crude blunderbuss tactics of "hard" paternalists. For their part, critics claim that the behaviorial research underlying LP isn't as robust as advocates assert, and that the new paternalistic policies have many of the same flaws as the old.
Two recently published books suggest that there may be more room for common ground between defenders and critics of LP than previously assumed.  The first is Too Much Information: Understanding What You Don't Want to Know by Harvard law professor Cass Sunstein, one of the leading advocates of LP. The second, Escaping Paternalism: Rationality, Behavioral Economics, and Public Policy, by economists Mario Rizzo and Glen Whitman (RW), perhaps the leading academic critics of LP.  Sunstein and RW are longtime adversaries in the academic debate over paternalism. But these two books have so much in common that readers unfamiliar with the authors' history might assume they are all on the same side.
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Source: Reason

Suggested Books Today | Books - Helge Scherlund's eLearning News

In the current context of the electronic governance of society, both administrations and citizens are demanding greater participation of all the actors involved in the decision-making process relative to the governance of society by MDPI.
Download PDFIn addition, the design, planning, and operations management rely on mathematical models, the complexity of which depends on the detail of models and complexity/characteristics of the problem they represent. 

A special issue of Mathematics (ISSN 2227-7390).Víctor Yepes andJosé M. Moreno-Jiménez (Eds.)Pages: 290Published: October 2020(This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue Optimization for Decision Making that was published in Mathematics)Download PDF 
Source: MDPI Books 

Virtual event to examine ethical leadership with AI and Big Data | Purdue News Service

A global panel will consider how to define ethical leadership and the particular challenges posed by emerging technologies in a virtual eventfrom 1-1:45 p.m. ET on Oct. 28, inform Aaron Rooks, Director of Marketing & Communication at Purdue University.
Photo: Purdue University
A global panel will consider how to define ethical leadership and the particular challenges posed by emerging technologies in a virtual event from 1-1:45 p.m. ET on Oct. 28.
The event is made possible by a grant from Lilly Endowment Inc. to support , an initiative designed to develop curricula to foster character and ethical values in future leaders, preparing them to respond appropriately to the challenges posed by rapidly evolving technologies, such as artificial intelligence and Big Data management...
The event will be moderated by Natasha Singer, a technology reporter with the New York Times who covers health technology, education technology and consumer privacy. The speakers are Dr. Philip Brey, professor of philosophy of technology at the University of Twente in the Netherlands, former president of the International Society for Ethics and Information Technology and former president of the Society for Philosophy and Technology; and Michael Lamb, assistant professor of politics, ethics and interdisciplinary humanities and executive director of the Program for Leadership and Character at Wake Forest University, and a research fellow at the Oxford Character Project.
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About Purdue University

Purdue University is a top public research institution developing practical solutions to today’s toughest challenges. Ranked the No. 5 Most Innovative University in the United States by U.S. News & World Report, Purdue delivers world-changing research and out-of-this-world discovery. Committed to hands-on and online, real-world learning, Purdue offers a transformative education to all. Committed to affordability and accessibility, Purdue has frozen tuition and most fees at 2012-13 levels, enabling more students than ever to graduate debt-free. See how Purdue never stops in the persistent pursuit of the next giant leap at https://purdue.edu/
Source: Purdue News Service 

University of Chicago's Booth School of Business Switches to E-Learning After COVID-19 Cases | University of Chicago - NBC Chicago

The cases were reported after numerous MBA students participated in an off-campus gathering, school officials said by UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO.

Photo: Screenshot from NBC Chicago's Video.Officials at the University of Chicago announced Wednesday that all classes in its Booth School of Business will transition to remote learning for at least the next two weeks after multiple students tested positive for coronavirus after attending an off-campus gathering.

According to an email sent out by the school, a large group of full-time MBA students at the business school gathered off-campus on Chicago’s North Side. Many in attendance did not wear masks, and in the time since the gathering, multiple students have tested positive for COVID-19...

“We ask everyone on campus to once again review the terms of the UChicago Health Pact and to uphold its principles,” officials said in an email to students and faculty. “It takes only one incident like this to put many others at risk.”

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Source: NBC Chicago

How to Make the Most of e-Learning | Discussion - The London Economic

For a lot of students, note taking is a tedious activity that they would rather not bother with. For others, they might not be very good at note-taking or might simply need more help in doing so, The London Economic's author Keith Asante describes. 
Photo by Julia M Cameron from PexelsIn the past, your only source of support with your notes would be other students who take or have taken the same class or your teacher. Thanks to the broadness of the internet, students from all over the world who study the same topics can help each other.
The internet has changed all parts of human life from business to communication and, of course, learning. In the pre-internet days, formal education was rigid and straight-forward; you paid to attend an in-person learning institution and carried out personal study on your own or with the help of people who were physically close to you. Now, with the advent of the internet, we have access to all sorts of remote learning resources. Because of the COVID-19 outbreak, there is even more emphasis on remote learning and leveraging the internet to reach students.
Whether your learning institution has gone fully remote or you merely need help with personal study, there are many ways to take advantage of e-learning. One platform that’s stood out as being particularly beneficial to users during this time is Studypool.
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Source: The London Economic

From Derangement To Euler’s Number | Mathematics - Medium

How e can rise from combinatorics by Eliran Turgeman in Cantor’s Paradise.
From Derangement To Euler’s Number
The constant e has a significant role across mathematics from growth problems to compound interest and even eigenvalues problems.e has many representations, some of the most well known are
some of many e representationsIf the above formulation seems unfamiliar or daunting to you, don’t get discouraged since it’s not gonna be relevant for this article. In this article, I will discuss a totally different approach to how we can get an approximation of e solving a simple and intuitive combinatorics problem...
Say a postman has n letters and every one of these letters is addressed to a different person. Assuming that our postman is a bit clumsy and he delivers the letters randomly, what are the chances for derangement? or in other words, what are the chances that no one will get a letter which is addressed to them?...
ConclusionStarting off with an intuitive combinatorial problem that seems completely unrelated to e, we managed to give rise to one of the most significant constants in mathematics.
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Source: Medium 

Haydn: where to start with his music | Classical music - The Guardian

Humorous, earnest, prolific and always deeply humane, the Austrian composer is credited with inventing the symphony and the string quartet.Even if that’s not strictly true, his creativity shaped western classical music, says Rian Evans, The Guardian.
A gift for brilliant synthesis of emerging styles ... Franz Joseph Haydn.
Photo: DEA/A Dagli Orti/De Agostini/Getty Images

Europe’s most celebrated composer in the late 18th century, Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) was known for his brilliant synthesis of emerging styles, which helped set the course of western classical music as we know it. Famed as the father of the symphony and of the string quartet, in reality he invented neither – but he did consolidate new principles of musical form, based on balance and proportion, expectation and fulfilment. Haydn’s gift was in flexing the rules to ensure variety, creating tensions and dramatic effects. As humorous as he was earnest, Haydn always reveals his deep humanity in his music...

His life

He was born in Rohrau in 1732; his father was a wheelwright, his mother a cook, and his younger brother Michael would also be a composer. At barely six, Joseph’s gifts saw him uprooted to become a choirboy in Hainburg, then talent-spotted for St Stephen’s cathedral choir in Vienna. This experience of the last throes of baroque music stood him in good stead: Haydn would later say he learned most by listening. He became a freelance musician – singing, playing, teaching – extending his sketchy education by diligent study of counterpoint and theory. Working briefly as valet-accompanist to the composer Nicola Porpora (singing teacher of the famous castrato Farinelli), he was introduced to many of Vienna’s cultural movers and shakers, among them imperial court poet Metastasio and composers Hasse and Gluck.

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Source: The Guardian 

Five things you didn’t know about Beethoven | Music - OUPblog

Mark Evan Bonds, Cary C. Boshamer Distinguished Professor of Music at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill summarizes, Films like Immortal Beloved and Copying Beethoven, whatever their value as entertainment, have helped create an image of the composer that often runs counter to the historical evidence. Here are five things that might surprise you about the composer.
Photo: OUPblog

He laughed a lot

Most images of Beethoven—especially those done after his death—show him scowling. But contemporary accounts make it clear that he was quick to laugh, and his letters reveal him as an incorrigible punster. Portraits of him from his own time typically show a contemplative gaze, exactly the kind of look one would expect from a creative artist...

He had to hustle to make a livingUnlike most other major composers of his time, Beethoven had no permanent appointment at a court or church, which meant that he had to cobble together an income from a variety of sources: teaching, performing, and above all selling his published music. But he was not a very good businessman and lamented the countless hours devoted to haggling with publishers. We can only imagine how much more he would have written had he had more time to do so.
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Recommended Reading

Beethoven: Variations on a LifeSource: OUPblog

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