Helge Scherlund's eLearning News

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Check out the weblog every day and keep up-to-date on the latest news and information about flexible, netbased learning and teaching, e-learning, blended learning, distance learning and m-learning. Links to the best web pages on the internet, articles etc. and conferences and seminars about e-learning. Mediation of knowledge and experiences within research and development of the modern digital, interactive media. I hope that you find this service useful and have a good time reading!

URL: http://scherlund.blogspot.com/

Aggiornato: 1 giorno 10 ore fa

The biggest artificial intelligence developments of 2018 | Blog - TechTalks

Ben Dickson, software engineer and the founder of TechTalks notes, 2018 was a year of reckoning for the AI industry. In parallel to technological developments, there was ample focus on the ethical concerns of artificial intelligence technology.  

Google CEO Sundar Pichai introduces Duplex AI at I/O 2018 developer conference
Photo: YouTubeLast year, when I was rounding up the biggest artificial intelligence developments of 2017, I had a very hard time choosing which stories were most worth covering. In that regard, 2018 didn’t see much change. This year, we saw even more AI papers published and more innovation in the space than 2017.

But beyond innovation and technological advances, 2018 was perhaps a year of reckoning for the ethical implications of advances in AI technologies. Unlike previous cycles of AI’s rise and fall, in which the industry receded into its periodic winter without making any notable impact on everyday lives, today’s AI technologies have become pivotal to many of the things we do. And we need to think about what their negative impacts can be.

Without further ado, here are some of the most noteworthy AI stories of 2018. Looking forward to more exciting AI stories in 2019.

Source: TechTalks

A Single Cell Hints at a Solution to the Biggest Problem in Computer Science | Science - Popular Mechanics

Avery Thompson, science writer and journalist says, One small amoeba found a solution to the traveling salesman problem faster than our best algorithms. What does it know that we don't?

Photo: Popular MechanicsOne of the oldest problems in computer science was just solved by a single cell.

A group of researchers from Tokyo’s Keio University set out to use an amoeba to solve the Traveling Salesman Problem, a famous problem in computer science. The problem works like this: imagine you’re a traveling salesman flying from city to city selling your wares. You’re concerned about maximizing your efficiency to make as much money as possible, so you want to find the shortest path that will let you hit every city on your route.
There’s no simple mathematical formula to find the most efficient route for our salesman. Instead, the only way to solve the problem is to calculate the length of each route and see which one is the shortest. 
What’s worse, performing this calculation gets exponentially harder the more cities are added to the route. With four cities, there are only three different routes to consider. But with six cities, there are 360 different routes that need to be calculated. If you’ve got a route with ten or more cities the number of possible routes is in the millions.

This makes the traveling salesman problem one of a broad class of problems computer scientists call ‘NP hard.’...  
But if the researchers can figure out just how the amoeba works, they can use this trick for more than just helping out traveling salesmen. It could speed up our ability to solve all kinds of difficult computational problems and change the way we approach security.
This one small amoeba—and the way it solves difficult problems—might just change the face of computing forever. Read more...
Source: Popular Mechanics

Ball State adds online masters program that can be completed in 18 months | Muncie - WRTV Indianapolis

Ball State University will add an online master's degree program in Information and Communication Sciences, inform Shakkira Harris, Digital Real-Time Editor.

Photo: WRTV IndianapolisBeginning in spring 2019, Ball State will launch it's CICS degree path that can take only 18 months to complete, with a 38-credit-hours.

The program is a flexible degree plan with immersive learning opportunities that aims to put students in real-world issues.

According to McKinsey Global Institute, projects automation could displace as many as 73 million U.S. jobs by 2030.

CICS director for Ball State, Dennis Trinkle, said that by expanding to an online platform, this will allow CICS to reach more students and fill the need for professionals in high-tech fields. 

Source: WRTV Indianapolis

E-Learning was emphasised in 2018 | Education - Daily Monitor

In appreciation of e-learning, a number of universities this year rolled out e-learning courses and plans to include e-learning in the services they offer, observes Desire Mbabaali, Journalist and Writer with Daily Monitor.

Photo: Daily MonitorIt is no longer deniable, the internet and electronic technology has penetrated every sector and field, including education.

It is, therefore, commendable that the education sector is alive to these realities so much that this year, we saw more initiative and innovations geared towards cultivating electronic/ E-learning at both primary and university levels by private and government players in the sector. Here are a few highlights in E- learning that transpired in 2018.
Kaino tablet
To better both teacher and learner experience in class, Kaino Africa, a smart school management tech company, this year launched their flagship product, the Kaino Tablet crafted for the Ugandan primary pupil. This Education Technology (EdTech) tablet comes with curriculum aligned teacher guides that show the teacher lesson plans; how they are supposed to proceed with the class, what examples to give as well as time the lesson is supposed to start and end.

Video conferencing lessons
On the other hand, among advantages that urban schools have over rural schools is the access to the best teachers and learning resources. To bridge the gap, the government has this year piloted video-conferencing lessons in rural schools to allow students there benefit from teachers in urban institutions...

Introducing the e-library
To further cultivate e-learning, ISBAT University in October launched its first e-library. Here students have access to books, journals, reports, articles or any other information over the internet for 24hours a day. The enrolled students can access the e-library at anytime from anywhere in the world through their laptop, tablet and mobile phone.
This is part of the paradigm shift in the concept of the present-day library.

Students will access over 10,000 books on information technology, 20,000 books in the business and commerce field and more than 15,000 books in engineering field and all the latest versions of reading materials available. 

Source: Daily Monitor

University of Alaska sets goal to improve teacher retention | The Seattle Times

The University of Alaska wants to address public school teacher turnover with more locally educated educators.

University of Alaska President Jim Johnsen has set a goal for 90 percent of all new teacher hires to have graduated from the university by 2025, the Juneau Empire reported . The current rate is 43 percent.

“The Alaska-prepared teachers just stay longer,” said Steve Atwater, dean of the Alaska College of Education. “As you put more Alaskans into the classrooms (the number of vacancies each year) will go down.”

The university will have to increase their numbers from around 250 education graduates each year to about 400 to 500, he said.

People are not as willing to come to Alaska as they used to be, Atwater said. Nearly two-thirds of all teacher and administrative school positions are hired from out of state each year, according to university data. Many new graduates stay a year or two and return to the Lower 48...

The university is focusing on recruitment and retention, especially among Alaska Natives, and taking a multifaceted approach.

Besides including traditional recruiting, the university is focused on public awareness and outreach, a statewide mentoring program to support teachers who are already working in Alaska and a K-12 outreach program to encourage young students to enter the profession.

Source: The Seattle Times

Who are Generation Z and what can we expect from them? | Analysis - The Post Millennial

Lucas Holtvluwer, current Sales and Marketing student at Niagara College reports, Generation Z, iGen, Post-Millennials, Homeland Generation, Gen Tech, Digital Natives or Delta Generation…

Photo: The Post MillennialWhatever you want to call them, this new generation is here to stay and is already having a big impact on our world.

While many narratives have been pushed around about this generation over the past few years, a closer look at the facts reveals that Generation Z doesn’t really fit in any of the traditional boxes we’ve placed other generations in.

Of course, grouping any large amount of people solely based on birth years is going to result in a great deal of diversity of opinion and attitudes being covered over by mass generalizations. However, with Generation Z, the ability to pin down some core values is proving to be quite difficult so far.

What came before Gen Z? 
The “Greatest Generation” favoured tradition and valued self sacrifice and respect for authority. The Boomers flipped all that around with their anti war, anti government, free spirited ways...

A 2018 survey done in the wake of the Parkland shooting showed that 68% of youth aged 13-17 think that a ban on “assault-style weapons” would make the U.S. a much safer place.

That same survey also showed that only 21% of these youth aged 13-17 strongly identified as Republicans, compared to 37% as Democrats. Additionally, these members of Generation Z are not big fans of President Trump with a whopping 72% of them saying they strongly or somewhat disapprove of his performance thus far. 
Read more... 

Source: The Post Millennial

Independent study guide to logic for philosophers and mathematicians | Logic - Boing Boing

Check out  - Teach Yourself Logic: A Study Guide 

Photo: Eric Gaba, CC-BY-SA; Steve Jurvetson, CC-BY) Retired Cambridge professor Peter Smith has distilled his experience in teaching philosophers and mathematicians about formal logic into a free, frequently updated (last updated: 2017) study guide to logic, constructed to be easily accessible, with quick-start guides for different kinds of learners, written on the assumption of very little education in either maths or philosophy. 

More Precisely:
The Math You Need to Do Philosophy
(Broadview Guides to Philosophy)Eric Steinhart,More Precisely: The Math You Need to Do Philosophy* (Broadview 2009) The author writes: ‘The topics presented . . . include: basic set theory; relations and functions; machines; probability; formal semantics; utilitarianism; and infinity. The chapters on sets, relations, and functions provide you with all you need to know to apply set theory in any branch of philosophy. The chapter of machines includes finite state machines, networks of machines, the game of life, and Turing machines. The chapter on formal semantics includes both extensional semantics, Kripkean possible worlds semantics, and Lewisian counterpart theory.

Related link 
Teach Yourself Logic 2017: A Study Guide by Peter Smith/Logic Matters (PDF) 

Source: Boing Boing

Docebo’s E-Learning Trends 2019 Report is Here! | Docebo

Take a closer look at this Report below. 

Download the ReportL&D professionals play a pivotal role in ensuring organizations and their learners are adapting to a constantly-evolving business landscape.

In fact, 81% of executives say talent is the number one priority at their company.

E-Learning (and the technology that has evolved to enable it) presents an exciting foundation upon which to build your organization, both presently and into the future. Our new E-Learning Trends 2019 Report outlines the key developments happening right now and what you can do to take advantage of them.Download the report to find out:
  • Why it’s time to rethink the traditional LMS.
  • How mobile learning is being elevated from current offerings.
  • How key technologies, such as artificial intelligence, will create immersive and personalized learning experiences.
Download the Report


From 5G to cybersecurity: Here's our global highlights from 2018 | Business Management - IDG Connect

IDG Connect summarizes, A selection of our best and most popular stories from 2018.  

Photo: IDG ConnectEvery year December seems to creep upon us, and the only thing more inevitable than last minute Christmas shopping are the conversations about ‘how quickly this year's gone by'. True to form, our Christmas shopping remains unfinished, and it feels like only yesterday we were sharing our 2017 global highlights with you.

But another year has passed us by, meaning it's time to look back again at the most interesting content we've posted this year.

So, without further ado, on the fifth day of Christmas IDG Connect gave to me...

Source: IDG Connect

UNILAG Masters tuition fees for 2018-2019 | Legit.ng

We have prepared the full list of UNILAG Masters tuition fees according to the degrees and specializations for 2018/2019 academic year to you. The University of Lagos offers one of the best Postgraduate Studies in Nigeria.

Photo: Legit.ng

UNILAG postgraduate school fees 2018/2019 
As follows, you will find a complete list of UNILAG postgraduate tuition fees. This information is rather essential if you are considering entering the University of Lagos for obtaining a postgraduate education. For the full-length information and further details, please, visit the official University of Lagos website, following this link https://unilag.edu.ng
Here, you will be able to find all the necessary contacts. 

Source: Legit.ng

The story of an ‘exquisite’ new discrete math textbook by EMU’s Owen Byer and Deirdre L. Smeltzer | Augusta Free Press

Sometimes the thrill of mathematics doesn’t come from the question, but from a beautiful solution, inform Christopher Clymer Kurtz, Staff Writer at Eastern Mennonite University.

Journey into Discrete Mathematics
(AMS/MAA Textbooks)Consider the approach EMU math professor Owen Byer took when deciding which problems to include in the new textbook he co-authored with math-professor-turned-vice president and academic dean Deirdre Longacher Smeltzer, and Regent University professor Kenneth Wantz:

“In my own view,” he said, “either it should be a really interesting question, or – lacking that – the solution should be beautiful. Even average problems are worth including if the solution teaches you something.”

This November marked the publication of the long-anticipated – and, already, long-used – textbook Journey into Discrete Mathematics (Mathematical Association of America Press, 2018).

“This is definitely the best math textbook that I’ve ever used,” said sophomore Andrew Nord after a recent session of his discrete math class, which is the latest to use the – until now, pre-published – book. “It explains the concepts very fully and in a way that can be understood fairly easily.”

From the start
Byer, Smeltzer and Byer’s University of Delaware PhD advisor Felix Lazebnik began talking about writing Journey at about the same time the trio’s earlier textbook Methods for Euclidean Geometry(MAA, 2010) was published. All three had doctoral training in discrete math and had taught it many times, and “it seemed like a good second joint project,” Smeltzer said...

A beautiful solution: students 
As early as half a decade ago, Byer and his colleagues at EMU began using Journey in the classroom, first in pdf form  and later – including this fall, even as the book was heading to press – in three-ring binders in Professor Daniel Showalter’s discrete math class.

“This is definitely the best math textbook that I’ve ever used. It explains the concepts very fully and in a way that can be understood fairly easily.”  –Andrew NordDoing that had distinct benefits: Students could learn from a textbook grounded in experienced educational practice. Plus, students’ fresh eyes would help tease out what needed better explanation – and they’d find mistakes, discoveries that were often rewarded with bonus points.

Another of Showalter’s students, sophomore Silas Clymer, remembers – with a note of satisfied glee in his voice – finding a misleading hint in a homework problem. But more importantly, “It’s definitely cool having the writer of the book downstairs in an office,” he said. “You can go to talk to him if you need to.”

Source: Augusta Free Press

If universities sacrifice philosophy on the altar of profit, what’s next? | Education - The Guardian

Hull says the subject doesn’t meet the needs of ‘business partners’. Try telling that to Thales of Miletus, argues Julian Baggini, writer and philosopher.

‘Events unfolding at Hull are symptomatic of a deep malaise affecting not just universities but the wider culture.’
Photo: University of Hull
You might think that a university philosophy department facing closure in Hull is of as much interest to the average person as the shutting of a butcher’s in Wolverhampton is to a vegetarian in Totnes.There are almost as many universities as high streets now, and for every closure here there’s an opening somewhere else.

But the events unfolding on Humberside are symptomatic of a deep malaise affecting not just universities but the wider culture. The crude pursuit of what is “practical”, “efficient” or “useful” is threatening everything of value that isn’t evidently profitable.

Philosophy has been taught at Hull ever since the University opened in 1928. The department has no problem with recruitment and has a good faculty. Because humanities courses are so cheap to teach and student fees so high, there is no conceivable way it could be losing money. In a letter to colleagues, Kathleen Lennon, emeritus professor of philosophy, insisted: “Philosophy at Hull is financially viable – providing a healthy return for the university.”

So why is the university not accepting any more joint honours students and publicly entertaining the possibility “that we will not be recruiting new students” in 2019? A statement by Jeanette Strachan, the university’s registrar, to the local newspaper suggests some worrying answers. Strachan said the university sought to offer students “a high-quality academic experience and ensure that their qualification holds value over time”.

The word that screams out of that sentence is “value”. The implication seems to be that a philosophy degree does not provide a sufficient financial return for those who “invest” in it...

That’s what the pre-Socratic Greek philosopher Thales of Miletus did in the sixth century BC. Fed up of being told that he was poor and therefore his learning was useless, he applied his analytical skills to the climate and the economy and then bought up every olive press in town. When the bumper olive harvest came, as he had foreseen, the presses were in huge demand, he had a monopoly and made a killing. Thales pulled off this stunt not to earn money but to prove a point. Someone of his intellect and ability could devote themselves to getting rich if they wanted. But he valued wisdom and learning more. His lack of wealth did not reveal a personal flaw but a justified choice about what he held most dear.
Read more... 

Recommended Reading

How the World Thinks:
A Global History of PhilosophySource: The Guardian

11 Fantastic Science Books to Binge Over the Holidays | Science - WIRED

Snuggle up with your favorite display technology and ignite your neurons with these science books from 2018, recommends WIRED Staff.

Photo: WIREDThis year brought no shortage of great science-themed books. Spurred by rapid advances in biotech, the writer Carl Zimmer spun a personal tale around the emerging science of heredity. Investigative reporter John Carreyrou exposed the rotten business at the heart of Theranos, the blood-testing startup built on air. Our past also proved bountiful, with books on that time we made teenage girls glow until their bones rotted (The Radium Girls), and when competing visionaries dueled over how to steward our one and only world (The Wizard and the Profit). If that all seems a bit much, we've got an escape hatch: psychedelics. Lots of them, as recounted by Michael Pollan.

But those are just a few of the superb tomes to emerge in 2018. So grab a weighted blanket and a precision-brewed cup of tea, and read on to see WIRED's staff selections.

Source: WIRED

Mathematics Phobia | Editorial - The Sentinel Assam

A section of teachers and guardians are responsible for the widespread phobia against mathematics, explains Editorial.

Photo: The Sentinel AssamInstead of making it unnecessarily complicated, explaining it with clarity and ease would do a world of good to young learners. Speaking on the occasion of National Mathematics Day at a high school in Nagaon, mathematician and educationist Dr Tarakeshwar Chaudhury spoke of how a mind without fear can appreciate the inner logic of mathematics and revel in its joys. It is a timely call considering the high attrition rates in State schools due to students coming to grief because of mathematics. The pedagogical issues involved in writing good textbooks and effectively teaching math in the classroom is for teachers and education planners to sort out. 

But the more problematic aspect is the public perception that mathematics is a hard subject, its formulae and equations seemingly dry and almost inhuman. If you have a peculiar knack for it, you will get the answer right and score full marks; if not, you will score zero — so goes the popular notion...

An enigma to Western mathematicians to this day, Ramanujan attributed his intuitive genius to goddess Namagiri, his family deity; Carl Gauss, revered as the Prince of Mathematicians, came from a family of illiterate labourers; Rene Descartes was as much a mathematician as a philosopher, a gentleman soldier with a delicate constitution; Kurt Godel — who proved that no mathematical system can be fully complete and consistent, because in any such system, there are statements that cannot be proved true or false — starving himself to death because of his paranoid fear about germs. 

As for girls, they can take inspiration from the late Maryam Mirzakhani of Iran, the first woman mathematician to be honoured with the Fields Medal, the Nobel Prize equivalent in mathematics...

The language of mathematics may look intimidating and alien, yet it is ubiquitous in various activities around us, particularly in this digital age. 

Source: The Sentinel Assam

The 49 New Skills You Can Now Learn on LinkedIn Learning | New Courses - LinkedIn Learning

Each week presents a new opportunity for you and your team to learn the skills necessary to take on the next big challenge, reports Paul Petrone, Editor - LinkedIn Learning.

Photo:  Learning Blog - LinkedIn LearningAnd, at LinkedIn Learning, we want to do everything we can to help make that happen.
So, each week, we add to our 13,000+ course library. And this past week was no different, as we added 49 new courses covering everything from mobile development to audio production to digital marketing. 

The new courses now available on LinkedIn Learning are:
Read more... 

LinkedIn Learning (Blog)

Gen Z Is Shaping a New Era of Learning: Here’s What you Should Know | Learning and Development - LinkedIn Learning

In 2019, a new generation will enter the workforce: Generation Z (Gen Z), composed of those born between 1995 and 2010, says Emily Poague, Vice President of Marketing, LinkedIn Learning. 

 Photo: Learning and Development - LinkedIn LearningThis generation is larger than the Millennial generation — at 61 million strong, it is the first cohort of workers that grew up with the Internet, and are used to dynamic and social communication from an early age. 

To unpack generational learning we conducted a survey to assess trends in learning and identify any gaps in what influencers Gen Z to learn and stay engaged versus what L&D and HR leaders think they want. 

Here is what talent developers should know:

Source: LinkedIn Learning (Blog)

Top 10 women in tech and diversity in tech stories of 2018 | ComputerWeekly.com -TechTarget

Computer Weekly takes a look at some of the defining moments for women and diversity in the technology industry in 2018, according to Clare McDonald, Business editor at Computer Weekly.

Photo: ComputerWeekly.com -TechTarget
The year 2018 was dubbed the year of the woman as campaigns highlighting women’s issues, such as #TimesUp and #MeToo, shone a harsh light on the inequality between genders that still goes on to this day. 

Also marking 100 years since women were given the vote in the UK, 2018 was an important year for women in every sector.

Equally as important as advancing women’s issues is creating a diverse and inclusive environment in the technology workplace – which was the theme of this year’s Computer Weekly and Mortimer Spinks diversity in technology event.

Source: ComputerWeekly.com -TechTarget 

Otley author launches fun-inspired maths book | Ilkley Gazette

Follow on Twitter as @TonyCotton9AN EDUCATION consultant from Otley has rounded off a successful 2018 with a book launch, inform Jim Jack, Reporter at Ilkley Gazette.

Education consultant and author Tony Cotton at the launch of his new book in Otley.
Photo: Simon CareyTony Cotton has written full-time since leaving his post as Head of the School of Education and Childhood at Leeds Beckett University six years ago. Over the past 12 months he has six books published - ranging from a mathematics programme for Jamaica to a textbook on teaching in International Primary Schools for Cambridge University Press.

His latest publication, How to develop confident mathematicians in the early years: A guide for practitioners and parents (published by Routledge), was launched at Otley Labour Rooms on December 14...

His book includes 60 activities developed from those games which he describes as ‘ways to play together and to explore and develop mathematical understandings collaboratively.’ 
Read more... 

Happy reading!

Source: Ilkley Gazette

Women Mathematicians in Their Own Words | Roots of Unity - Scientific American

Photo: Evelyn LambEvelyn Lamb, Freelance math and science writer based in Salt Lake City, Utah observes, The Journeys of Women in Mathematics documentary diversifies the stories we tell about women in math.

Mathematicians Carolina Araujo, Neela Nataraj and Aminatou Pecha Nijahouo were featured in the Journeys of Women in Mathematics documentary
Photo: International Mathematical Union
Journeys of Women in Mathematics Full Length Version 

In July, Rio de Janeiro hosted the first World Meeting for Women in Mathematics, or (WM)2, as a satellite conference to the International Congress of Mathematicians. As part of the event, they screened the first part of a short documentary called Journeys of Women in Mathematics. The full version is embedded below.

The film, about 20 minutes in its finished length, starts with profiles of three women in mathematics. Neela Nataraj is the chair of the mathematics department at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. Aminatou Pecha Nijahouo is a researcher in pairing-based cryptography at Maroua University in Yaounde, Cameroon. Carolina Araujo is a mathematician at the Institute of Pure and Applied Mathematics (IMPA) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. All three talk about their paths in  mathematics and the challenges they faced as women in their fields. After profiling Nataraj, Nijahouo, and Araujo, the film goes to (WM)2 to talk to women mathematicians from Latin America about their work and their hopes for the future of women in the discipline...

Watch and listen to the stories of these remarkable women in mathematics. And then think about how to move beyond stories.
Read more... 

Source: Scientific American and World Women in Mathematics Channel (YouTube)

The Best Health and Science Books of 2018 | Books - The Cut

The nice things about a health and/or science and/or psychology book, if you get a good one, is that it feels like self-help you don’t need to be embarrassed about. 

Photo: Monica Click/Getty Images/iStockphoto
(Why self-help feels inherently embarrassing is another matter.) Most of them isolate one thing about yourself or the world that is maybe not as well understood as it should be: dreams, or shame, or psychedelic drugs. By the end, you usually appreciate the subject more, or at least you notice it more, and sometimes, this appreciation/attention combo really does improve your life. If anticipating the start of 2019 has you in self-improvement mode, consider the following books from 2018.

Source: The Cut